Novel Graphene Oxide Based Nanocomposites: Synthesis and Application Towards Adsorptive Removal of Toxic Inorganic/Organic Pollutants from Aqueous Media

Sahoo, Shraban Kumar (2019) Novel Graphene Oxide Based Nanocomposites: Synthesis and Application Towards Adsorptive Removal of Toxic Inorganic/Organic Pollutants from Aqueous Media. PhD thesis.

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Abstract

In this doctoral work, we have synthesized a series of GO based composite nanoadsorbents such as MgO-MgFe2O4 decorated GO (MgO-MgFe2O4/GO), amine functionalized GO mounted with ZnO-ZnFe2O4 (NH2-GO/ZnO-ZnFe2O4), AlOOH-FeOOH nanorods functionalized GO (GO/AlOOH-FeOOH) and GO/g-C3N4 decorated with Fe3O4 (GO/g-C3N4-Fe3O4) nanomaterials by using hydrothermal method. Then the prepared GO based metal oxide nanocomposites were used as novel adsorbent for adsorption study of inorganic pollutants such as fluoride ions (F-), hexavalent chromium (Cr(VI)), arsenate (As(V)) and organic pollutants like methylene blue (MB) dye, tetracycline (TC) antibiotic from water. The formation, composition, bonding, crystalline phase, surface morphology, size, and surface area of these prepared nanocomposites were analyzed by XRD, FTIR, Raman, XPS, FESEM, HRTEM, and BET analytical techniques. Batch adsorption experiments were carried out under various conditions including pH, time, concentration, adsorbent dose and temperature.
The synthesized MgO-MgFe2O4/GO magnetic nanocomposite was used as adsorbent for removal of F- ions from water. The maximum adsorption capacity for F- ions removal is found to be 34 mg/g, which is higher as comparable to MgO-Fe2O3 nanocomposite. The amine functionalized GO decorated with ZnO-ZnFe2O4 (NH2-GO/ZnO-ZnFe2O4) nanocomposite material was used for remediation of Cr (VI) from water. It was observed that introduction of NH2 groups to GO/ZnO-ZnFe2O4 nanocomposite play a very important role for remediation of hexavalent chromium with a maximum uptake capacity of 109.89 mg/g. Apart from this we have also prepared GO/AlOOH-FeOOH composite nanomaterials by one step hydrothermal method and have used for decontamination of arsenate (As(V)) ions from water. Experimental finding reveals that the prepared GO based nanocomposite material is highly efficient for remediation of As(V) ions from water. Furthermore, we have also synthesized GO/g-C3N4 (graphitic carbon nitride) 2D layered composite materials decorated with Fe3O4 nanoparticles and have used for removal of methylene blue (MB) dye and tetracycline (TC) antibiotic from aqueous media. It was found that the adsorption of TC and MB was pH dependent and maximum adsorption capacities of 120 and 220 mg/g were achieved for TC and MB respectively. All the prepared GO based nanoadsorbents were regenerated and reused up to 5 successive cycles without major loss in their sorption capacity. From the obtained experimental results, plausible adsorption mechanism has been proposed for all adsorption process.

Item Type:Thesis (PhD)
Uncontrolled Keywords:Binary oxides, Graphene oxide, Nanocomposites, Adsorbents, Fluoride ions, Arsenic, Methylene blue, Tetracycline
Subjects:Chemistry > Organic Chemistry
Chemistry > Inorganic Chemistry
Chemistry > Analytical Chemistry
Divisions: Sciences > Department of Chemistry
ID Code:10112
Deposited By:Mr. Sanat Kumar Behera
Deposited On:11 Jun 2020 10:33
Last Modified:11 Jun 2020 10:33
Supervisor(s):Hota, Garudadhwaj

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