Sahoo, Priti Ranjan (2009) Groundwater Exploration. BTech thesis.
Groundwater is the under ground water that occurs in the saturated zone of variable thickness and depth, below the earth’s surface.Groundwater is water located beneath the ground surface in soil pore spaces and in the fractures of lithologic formations. A unit of rock or an unconsolidated deposit is called an aquifer when it can yield a usable quantity of water. The depth at which soil pore spaces or fractures and voids in rock become completely saturated with water is called the water table. Groundwater is recharged from, and eventually flows to, the surface naturally; natural discharge often occurs at springs and seeps, and can form oases or wetlands. Groundwater is also often withdrawn for agricultural, municipal and industrial use by constructing and operating extraction wells. The study of the distribution and movement of groundwater is hydrogeology, also called groundwater hydrology.Image of the entire surface water flow of the Alapaha River near Jennings, Florida going into a sinkhole leading to the Floridan Aquifer groundwater.Typically, groundwater is thought of as liquid water flowing through shallow aquifers, but technically it can also include soil moisture, permafrost (frozen soil), immobile water in very low permeability bedrock, and deep geothermal or oil formation water. Groundwater is hypothesized to provide lubrication that can possibly influence the movement of faults. It is likely that much of the Earth's subsurface contains some water, which may be mixed with other fluids in some instances. Groundwater may not be confined only to the Earth. The formation of some of the landforms observed on Mars may have been influenced by groundwater. There is also evidence that liquid water may also exist in the subsurface of Jupiter's moon Europa.
|Item Type:||Thesis (BTech)|
|Subjects:||Engineering and Technology > Civil Engineering > Water Resources Engineering|
|Divisions:||Engineering and Technology > Department of Civil Engineering|
|Deposited By:||Priti Ranjan Sahoo|
|Deposited On:||18 May 2009 17:32|
|Last Modified:||18 May 2009 17:32|
|Supervisor(s):||Pradhan, A K|
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