A Case Study to Solve Multi-Response Optimization Problem

Dash, Anshuman (2010) A Case Study to Solve Multi-Response Optimization Problem. BTech thesis.



In machining operations, achieving desired surface quality features of the machined product, is really a challenging job. Because, these quality features are highly correlated and are expected to be influenced directly or indirectly by the direct effect of process parameters or their interactive effects (i.e. on process environment). However, the extents of significant influence of the process parameters are different for different responses. Therefore, optimization of surface roughness is a multi-factor, multi-objective optimization problem. Therefore, to solve such a multi-objective optimization problem, it is felt necessary to identify the optimal parametric combination, following which all objectives could be optimized simultaneously. In this context, it is essential to convert all the objective functions into an equivalent single objective function or overall representative function to meet desired multi-quality features of the machined surface. The required multi-quality features may or may not be conflicting in nature. The representative single objective function, thus calculated, would be optimized finally. In the present work, Design of Experiment (DOE) with Taguchi L9 Orthogonal Array (OA) has been explored to produce 9 specimens on copper bard by straight turning operation. Collected data related to surface roughness have been utilized for optimization. Principal Component Analysis (PCA) has been applied to eliminate correlation among the responses and to evaluate independent or uncorrelated quality indices called principal components. Based on quality loss of individual principal components with respect to the ideal condition, CQL (COMBINED QUALITY LOSS) has been calculated to serve as the single objective function for optimization. Finally, Taguchi method has been adopted for searching optimal process condition to yield desired surface quality. Result of the aforesaid optimization procedure has been verified through confirmatory test. The study illustrates the detailed methodology of PCA based Taguchi method and its effectiveness for multi-response surface quality optimization in turning operation

Item Type:Thesis (BTech)
Uncontrolled Keywords:Optimization, Principal Component Analysis (PCA)
Subjects:Engineering and Technology > Mechanical Engineering > Production Engineering
Divisions: Engineering and Technology > Department of Mechanical Engineering
ID Code:1855
Deposited By:Mr. Anshuman Dash
Deposited On:19 May 2010 10:51
Last Modified:19 May 2010 10:51
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Supervisor(s):Datta, S

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