Biogas production from kitchen waste & to test the Quality and Quantity of biogas produced from kitchen waste under suitable conditions

Vij, Suyog (2011) Biogas production from kitchen waste & to test the Quality and Quantity of biogas produced from kitchen waste under suitable conditions. BTech thesis.



In our institute we have seven hostels and all having their own individual mess, where daily a large amount of kitchen waste is obtained which can be utilized for better purposes. Biogas production requires Anaerobic digestion. Project was to Create an Organic Processing Facility to create biogas which will be more cost effective, eco-friendly, cut down on landfill waste, generate a high-quality renewable fuel, and reduce carbon dioxide & methane emissions. Overall by creating a biogas reactors on campus in the backyard of our hostels will be beneficial. Kitchen (food waste) was collected from different hostels of National Institute of Technology, Rourkela’s Mess as feedstock for our reactor which works as anaerobic digester system to produce biogas energy. The anaerobic digestion of kitchen waste produces biogas, a valuable energy resource Anaerobic digestion is a microbial process for production of biogas, which consist of Primarily methane (CH4) & carbon dioxide (CO2). Biogas can be used as energy source and also for numerous purposes. But, any possible applications requires knowledge & information about the composition and quantity of constituents in the biogas produced. The continuously-fed digester requires addition of sodium hydroxide (NaOH) to maintain the alkalinity and pH to 7. For this reactor we have prepared our Inoculum than we installed batch reactors, to which inoculum of previous cow dung slurry along with the kitchen waste was added to develop our own Inoculum. A combination of these mixed inoculum was used for biogas production at 37°C in laboratory(small scale) reactor (20L capacity) In our study, the production of biogas and methane is done from the starch-rich and sugary material and is determined at laboratory scale using the simple digesters

Item Type:Thesis (BTech)
Uncontrolled Keywords:Biogas,Kitchen Waste
Subjects:Engineering and Technology > Biomedical Engineering
Divisions: Engineering and Technology > Department of Biotechnology and Medical Engineering
ID Code:2547
Deposited By:Mr SUYOG VIJ
Deposited On:16 May 2011 12:03
Last Modified:16 May 2011 12:03
Supervisor(s):Parmanik, K

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