Identification of Transverse Crack in a Cracked Cantilever Beam Using Fuzzy Logic and Kohonen Network

Choudhury, Sasanka (2011) Identification of Transverse Crack in a Cracked Cantilever Beam Using Fuzzy Logic and Kohonen Network. MTech thesis.



The issue of crack detection and diagnosis has gained wide spread industrial interest. Crack/damage affects the industrial economic growth. Generally damage in a structural element may occur due to normal operations, accidents, deterioration or severe natural events such as earth quake or storms. Damage can be analyzed through visual inspection or by the method of measuring frequency, mode shape and structural damping. Damage detection by visual inspection is a time consuming method and measuring of mode shape as well as structural deflection is difficult rather than measuring frequency. As Non- destructive method for the detection of crack is favorable as compared to destructive methods. So, our analysis has been made on the basis of non-destructive methods with the consideration of natural frequency. Here the crack is transverse surface crack. In the current analysis, methodologies have been developed for damage detection of a cracked cantilever beam using analytical, fuzzy logic, kohonen network as well as experimental. Theoretical analysis has been carried out to calculate the natural frequency with the consideration of mass and stiffness matrices. The data obtained from theoretical analysis has been fed to fuzzy controller as well as the kohonen competitive learning network.
The Fuzzy Controller uses the different membership functions as input as well as output. The input parameters to the Fuzzy Controller are the first three natural frequencies. The output parameters of the fuzzy controller are the relative crack depth and relative crack location. Several Fuzzy rules have been trained to obtain the results for relative crack depth and relative crack location.
Kohonen network is nothing but a competitive learning network is used here for the detection of crack depth and location. It is processed through a vector quantization algorithm.
A comparative study has been made between fuzzy logic technique and Kohonen network technique after experimental verification. It has been observed that the process of kohonen network can predict the depth and location accurately as close to fuzzy logic technique.

Item Type:Thesis (MTech)
Uncontrolled Keywords:Damage, Fuzzy Controller, Kohonen Network, Finite Element Analysis
Subjects:Engineering and Technology > Mechanical Engineering > Machine Design
Engineering and Technology > Mechanical Engineering > Structural Analysis
Divisions: Engineering and Technology > Department of Mechanical Engineering
ID Code:2829
Deposited By:Mr. Sasanka Choudhury
Deposited On:06 Jun 2011 18:13
Last Modified:06 Jun 2011 18:13
Supervisor(s):Parhi, D R

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