Performance analysis of energy detection algorithm in cognitive radio

Eerla, V.V.Satyanarayana (2011) Performance analysis of energy detection algorithm in cognitive radio. MTech thesis.



Rapid growth of wireless applications and services has made it essential to address spectrum scarcity problem. if we were scan a portion of radio spectrum including revenue-rich urban areas, we find that some frequency bands in the spectrum are largely unoccupied most of the time, some other frequency bands are partially occupied and the remaining frequency bands are heavily used. This leads to a underutilization of radio spectrum, Cognitive radio (CR) technology attempts alleviate this problem through improved utilization of radio spectrum.
Cognitive radio is a form of wireless communication in which a transceiver can intelligently detect which RF communication channels are in use and which are not, and instantly move into vacant channels while avoiding occupied ones. This optimizes the use of available radio-frequency (RF) spectrum while minimizing interference to other users. There two types of cognitive radio, full cognitive radio and spectrum-sensing cognitive radio. Full cognitive radio takes into account all parameters that a wireless node or network can be aware of. Spectrum-sensing cognitive radio is used to detect channels in the radio frequency spectrum. Spectrum sensing is a fundamental requirement in cognitive radio network. Many signal detection techniques can be used in spectrum sensing so as to enhance the detection probability.
In this thesis we analyze the performance of energy detector spectrum sensing algorithm in cognitive radio. By increasing the some parameters, the performance of algorithm can be improved as shown in the simulation results. In cognitive radio systems, secondary users should determine correctly whether the primary user is absent or not in a certain spectrum within a short detection period. Spectrum detection schemes based on fixed threshold are sensitive to noise uncertainty, the energy detection based on dynamic threshold can improve the antagonism of noise uncertainty; get a good performance of detection while without increasing the computer complexity uncertainty and improves detection performance for schemes are sensitive to noise uncertainty in lower signal-to-noise and large noise uncertainty environments.

Item Type:Thesis (MTech)
Uncontrolled Keywords:Additive White Gaussian Noise, Digital Audio Broadcast
Subjects:Engineering and Technology > Electronics and Communication Engineering > Wireless Communications
Divisions: Engineering and Technology > Department of Electronics and Communication Engineering
ID Code:2860
Deposited By:V.V.Satyanarayana Eerla
Deposited On:07 Jun 2011 17:23
Last Modified:07 Jun 2011 17:23
Supervisor(s):Patra, S K

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