Study of Wind Turbine Driven Doubly Fed Induction Generator (DFIG) Using AC/DC/AC Converter

Agrawal, Ashish and Kayal, Srikant and Munshi, Bhaskar (2009) Study of Wind Turbine Driven Doubly Fed Induction Generator (DFIG) Using AC/DC/AC Converter. BTech thesis.



In recent years, wind energy has become one of the most important and promising sources of renewable energy, which demands additional transmission capacity and better means of maintaining system reliability. The evolution of technology related to wind systems industry leaded to the development of a generation of variable speed wind turbines that present many advantages compared to the fixed speed wind turbines. These wind energy conversion systems are connected to the grid through Voltage Source Converters (VSC) to make variable speed operation possible. The studied system here is a variable speed wind generation system based on Doubly Fed Induction Generator (DFIG). The stator of the generator is directly connected to the grid while the rotor is connected through a back-to-back converter which is dimensioned to stand only a fraction of the generator rated power.
To harness the wind power efficiently the most reliable system in the present era is grid connected doubly fed induction generator. The DFIG brings the advantage of utilizing the turns ratio of the machine, so the converter does not need to be rated for the machine’s full rated power. The rotor side converter (RSC) usually provides active and reactive power control of the machine while the grid-side converter (GSC) keeps the voltage of the DC-link constant. The additional freedom of reactive power generation by the GSC is usually not used due to the fact that it is more preferable to do so using the RSC. However, within the available current capacity the GSC can be controlled to participate in reactive power generation in steady state as well as during low voltage periods. The GSC can supply the required reactive current very quickly while the RSC passes the current through the machine resulting in a delay. Both converters can be temporarily overloaded, so the DFIG is able to provide a considerable contribution to grid voltage support during short circuit periods. This report deals with the introduction of DFIG, AC/DC/AC converter control and finally the SIMULINK/MATLAB simulation for isolated Induction generator as well as for grid connected Doubly Fed Induction Generator and corresponding results and waveforms are displayed.

Item Type:Thesis (BTech)
Uncontrolled Keywords:DFIG,Turbine,Harmonics,Grid,Converters,Wind Farm,Simulink
Subjects:Engineering and Technology > Electrical Engineering > Power Systems
Divisions: Engineering and Technology > Department of Electrical Engineering
ID Code:311
Deposited By:Ashish Agrawal
Deposited On:13 May 2009 10:48
Last Modified:13 May 2009 10:48
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Supervisor(s):Mohanty, K B

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