Hardware Implementation of Soil Moisture Monitoring System

Naik, Biswadarshi and Behera, Pallavi and Das, Baijayanti Mala (2012) Hardware Implementation of Soil Moisture Monitoring System. BTech thesis.



Appropriate soil water level is a necessary pre-requisite for optimum plant growth. Also, water being an essential element for life sustenance, there is the necessity to avoid its undue usage. Irrigation is a dominant consumer of water. This calls for the need to regulate water supply for irrigation purposes. Fields should neither be over-irrigated nor under-irrigated. Over time, systems have been implemented towards realizing this objective of which automated processes are the most popular as they allow information to be collected at high frequency with less labor requirements. Bulk of the existing systems employ micro-processor based systems. These systems offer several technological advantages but are unaffordable, bulky, difficult to maintain and less accepted by the technologically unskilled workers in the rural scenario.
The objective of this project is to design a simple, easy to install methodology to monitor and indicate the level of soil moisture that is continuously controlled in order to achieve maximum plant growth and simultaneously optimize the available irrigation resources. A simple opamp based comparator circuit is used coupled with relay units which control the water pumps. The use of easily available components reduces the manufacturing and maintenance costs. This makes the proposed system to be an economical, appropriate and a low maintenance solution for applications, especially in rural areas and for small scale agriculturists.

Item Type:Thesis (BTech)
Uncontrolled Keywords:Automated irrigation scheduling using low cost tools, Soil moisture sensor, Comparator
Subjects:Engineering and Technology > Electrical Engineering
Divisions: Engineering and Technology > Department of Electrical Engineering
ID Code:3342
Deposited By:Behera Pallavi
Deposited On:22 May 2012 11:42
Last Modified:22 May 2012 11:42
Supervisor(s):Das, S

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