Design of Power Optimized circuit of LC Voltage Controlled Oscillator for use in GSM Handsets

Bandyopadhyay, Sohini (2012) Design of Power Optimized circuit of LC Voltage Controlled Oscillator for use in GSM Handsets. BTech thesis.

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The recent performance requirements for mobile phones have been extending its area of interest. Handsets need to have high resolution graphics, pictures, and applications. Consequently, the requirement for a longer battery life has become a bare necessity. This makes optimization of power a critical issue. Along with this cell phones need to be thin and have light weight.
A major portion of the power consumption of the handsets can be attributed to the LC oscillators used in the system. A Voltage Controlled Oscillator plays an important role in any communication system. It provides the frequency signal for down-conversion of input signals and also the carrier signals for the modulating signal.
Proper amplitude and low phase noise are two important criteria to achieve suitable performance for a VCO in any transceiver system. The strong combination of low phase noise specifications with very low power consumption (battery operation) forces designers to use LC-VCOs. A great research effort has been done in the design of integrated voltage controlled oscillators (VCOs) using integrated or external resonators, but as their power consumption still cannot be unacceptable, today’s mobile phones commonly use external LC-VCO modules.

Inductors used in these oscillators are usually bulky and have high power consumption. The low power LC oscillator increases the standby time, thus improving the battery life. Extended battery life provides processing power at lower clock speeds, enabling low leakage process that optimizes power consumption and increases battery time. Also provides integrated and sophisticated systems with improved power management.

The main purpose of this project is to design a circuit for LC VCO to be used in GSM system with a tuning rage of 3-4GHz. Since the phase noise requirement for the system is less than 150dBc/Hz at 20 KHz offset. Also for a GSM system, the size of the inductor used in the oscillator is a major issue in determining its overall size, efforts will be made to optimize the size of the inductor as well.

Item Type:Thesis (BTech)
Uncontrolled Keywords:LC Oscillator, convex optimization, GSM Lc VCO
Subjects:Engineering and Technology > Electronics and Communication Engineering > VLSI
Divisions: Engineering and Technology > Department of Electronics and Communication Engineering
ID Code:3394
Deposited By:Bandyopadhyay Sohini
Deposited On:06 Jun 2012 16:03
Last Modified:06 Jun 2012 16:03
Supervisor(s):Acharya, D P

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