Numerical Modeling of Amperometric Biosensor

., Nikhil (2012) Numerical Modeling of Amperometric Biosensor. BTech thesis.



Amperometric biosensor is a type of biosensor which measures the change in the current of a working indicator electrode by direct electrochemical oxidation or reduction of the products of a biochemical reaction. In these types of biosensors, the potential at the electrode is made constant during the measurement of current. These are known to be reliable, cheap and highly sensitive for environment, clinical and industrial purposes. These biosensors have plethora of applications in diverse fields; hence mathematical modeling of the same is highly desirable. This can help in prefiguring its various characteristics. A mathematical model is proposed which can study the cyclic conversion of substrate in an amperometric biosensor. The governing parameters for the Michaelis-Menten kinetics of enzymatic reactions are the enzyme kinetic rate and the diffusion rate across the enzymatic layer. Relative influence of these parameters is decided by a non dimensional number called Damkohler number, which is a ratio of the rate of enzymatic reaction to the rate of diffusion. The effect of Damkohler number on the current density, substrate concentration, and product concentration has been studied. It has been observed that when the Damkohler number is low then enzyme kinetics controls the biosensor response whereas when it is high (of the order of 1) the response is under control of diffusion rate. The current density is found to increase with the decrease in Damkohler number and vice versa.

Item Type:Thesis (BTech)
Uncontrolled Keywords:Biosensor
Subjects:Engineering and Technology > Biomedical Engineering
Divisions: Engineering and Technology > Department of Biotechnology and Medical Engineering
ID Code:3604
Deposited By:Nikhil
Deposited On:29 May 2012 14:47
Last Modified:20 Dec 2013 14:31
Supervisor(s):Kumar, A

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