Therattil, Jose P (2012) Dynamic Modeling and Control of Multi-Machine Power System with FACTS Devices for Stability Enhancement. PhD thesis.
Due to environmental and economical constraints, it is difficult to build new power lines and to reinforce the existing ones. The continued growth in demand for electric power must therefore to a great extent be met by increased loading of available lines. A consequence of this is reduction of power system damping, leading to a risk of poorly damped power oscillations between generators. This thesis proposes the use of controlled active and reactive power to increase damping of such electro-mechanical oscillations.
The focus of this thesis is a FACTS device known as the Unified Power Flow Controller (UPFC). With its unique capability to control simultaneously real and reactive power flows on a transmission line as well as to regulate voltage at the bus where it is connected, this device creates a tremendous quality impact on power system stability. These features turn out to be even more significant because UPFC can allow loading of the transmission lines close to their thermal limits, forcing the power to flow through the desired paths. This providdes the power system operators much needed flexibility in order to satisfy the demands.
A power system with UPFC is highly nonlinear. The most efficient control method for such a system is to use nonlinear control techniques to achieve system oscillation damping. The nonlinear control methods are independent of system operating conditions. Advanced nonlinear control techniques generally require a system being represented by purely differential equations whereas a power system is normally represented by a set of differential and algebraic equations.
In this thesis, a new method to generate a dynamic modeling for power network is introduced such that the entire power system with UPFC can be represented by purely differential equation. This representation helps us to convert the nonlinear power system equations into standard parametric feedback form. Once the standard form is achieved, conventional and advanced nonlinear control techniques can be easily implemented.
A comprehensive approach to the design of UPFC controllers (AC voltage control, DC voltage control and damping control) is presented. The damping controller is designed using nonlinear control technique by defining an appropriate Lyapunov function. The analytical expression of the nonlinear control law for the UPFC is obtained using back stepping method. Then, combining the nonlinear control strategy with the linear one for the other variables, a complete linear and nonlinear stabilizing controller is developed.
Finally, an adaptive method for estimating the uncertain parameters is derived. This relaxes the need for approximating the uncertain parameters like damping coefficient, transient synchronous reactance etc., which are difficult to be measured precisely.
The developed controller provides robust dynamic performance under wide variations in loading condition and system parameters, and provides a significant improvement in dynamic performance in terms of peak deviations. The proposed controller is tested on different multi-machine power systems and found to be more effective than existing ones.
|Item Type:||Thesis (PhD)|
|Uncontrolled Keywords:||Power system, FACTS device, Damping control, Unified Power Flow Controller|
|Subjects:||Engineering and Technology > Electrical Engineering > Power Transformers|
|Divisions:||Engineering and Technology > Department of Electrical Engineering|
|Deposited By:||Hemanta Biswal|
|Deposited On:||13 May 2013 16:47|
|Last Modified:||13 May 2013 16:47|
|Supervisor(s):||Panda, P C|
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