Simulation of Runoff and Flood Inundation in Kosi River Basin using Hydrological models, ANN, Remote Sensing and GIS

Ray Singh, Meena (2012) Simulation of Runoff and Flood Inundation in Kosi River Basin using Hydrological models, ANN, Remote Sensing and GIS. MTech by Research thesis.



Floods are probably the most recurring, widespread, disastrous and frequent natural hazards of the world. India is one of the worst flood-affected countries. In India the Himalayan Rivers account for maximum flood damage in the country. The problem of flood in the state of Bihar is well known and every year it becomes a recurring problem to the entire region. The plains of north Bihar are some of the most susceptible areas in India, prone to flooding. Flood forecasting & flood warning, flood hazard mapping and flood risk zoning are quite effective non-structural procedures in managing floods that decreases the risks and disasters floods may cause. In view of this an attempt has been made in the present work to simulate runoff and flood inundation for Kosi River Basin in Bihar, India. This study introduces about the parameterization of hydrologic and hydraulic modelling for simulation of runoff and flood inundated area
mapping. Time series analysis of hydrological data has been done to look for the rainfall and runoff behaviour in Kosi Basin and their cross-correlation. SRTM-DEM of 90m resolution is used to generate the various maps (DEM) of Kosi Basin. Hydrological and hydraulic models HEC-HMS, HEC-RAS, SCS-CN in addition to ANN models are used for runoff and floodplain inundation modelling. Results indicated that for Kosi catchment, the empirical runoff prediction approach (ANN technique), in spite of requiring much less data, predicted daily runoff values more accurately than semi-distributed conceptual runoff prediction approach (SCS-CN method). The flood inundation simulation for the Kosi River floodplain is carried out using HEC-RAS 1-D hydrodynamic model indicates promising results. Further, linear/non- linear regression models were developed to estimate the flood inundation area provides best results.

Item Type:Thesis (MTech by Research)
Uncontrolled Keywords:Rainfall, Runoff, DEM, HEC-HMS, HEC-RAS, ANN, Flood Inundation
Subjects:Engineering and Technology > Civil Engineering > Water Resources Engineering
Divisions: Engineering and Technology > Department of Civil Engineering
ID Code:4557
Deposited By:Hemanta Biswal
Deposited On:10 May 2013 14:59
Last Modified:10 May 2013 14:59
Supervisor(s):Jha , R and Khatua, K K

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