Experimental study on shear strengthening of RC T-beams with web openings using FRP composites

Vuggumudi, Sreelatha (2013) Experimental study on shear strengthening of RC T-beams with web openings using FRP composites. MTech thesis.



Shear collapse of reinforced concrete (RC) members is catastrophic and occurs suddenly with no advance warning of distress. In several occasions existing RC beams have been found to be deficient in shear and in need of strengthening. Conventional shear strengthening method such as external post tensioning, member enlargement along with internal transverse steel, and bonded steel plates are very costly, requiring extensive equipment, time, and significant labor. Conversely, the relatively new alternative strengthening technique using advanced composite materials, known as fiber reinforced polymer (FRP), offers significant advantages such as flexibility in design, ease of installation, reduced construction time, and improved durability. The overall objective of this study was to investigate the shear performance and failure modes of RC T-beams strengthened with externally bonded GFRP sheets. In order to achieve these objectives, an extensive experimental program consisting of testing eleven, full scale RC beams was carried out. The variables investigated in this study included steel stirrups, shear span-to-depth ratio, GFRP amount. The experimental results indicated that the contribution of externally bonded GFRP to the shear capacity is significant and depends on the variable investigated. The failures of strengthened beams are initiated with the debonding failure of FRP sheets followed by brittle shear failure. However, the shear capacity of these beams has increased as compared to the control beam which can be further improved if the debonding failure is prevented. An innovative method of anchorage technique by using GFRP plates has been used to prevent these premature failures, which as a result ensure full utilization of the strength of FRP. A theoretical study is also proposed by using ACI guidelines for computing the shear capacity of the strengthened beams.

Item Type:Thesis (MTech)
Uncontrolled Keywords:Reinforced Concrete (RC);Shear strengthening; Glass fiber reinforced polymer (GFRP);Web opening
Subjects:Engineering and Technology > Civil Engineering > Structural Engineering
Divisions: Engineering and Technology > Department of Civil Engineering
ID Code:4947
Deposited By:Hemanta Biswal
Deposited On:19 Nov 2013 09:21
Last Modified:20 Dec 2013 10:37
Supervisor(s):Biswal, K C

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