Fabrication and characterization of Silicon Nanowires

Sai , Sigma (2013) Fabrication and characterization of Silicon Nanowires. MSc thesis.



In this project work Si nanowires were fabricated on the Si substrate by aqueous method. In this aqueous method Ag is used for electroless chemical etching. The precursors those were taken are AgNO3, HF and H2O2. Si nanowires are fabricated at 55⁰C. The samples were characterized by X-ray diffraction and scanning electron microscope. Result shows morphology of the Si nanowires by scanning electron microscope. X-ray diffraction confirms the phase Si. The XRD analysis confirms the phase of silicon and crystallinity nature of silicon .It is found to be single crystalline with plane (1 0 0).The SEM study shows that the particles were uniform and afterwards the non uniformity arises. At 60 second of electroless deposition, the particles shape became anisotropic. Some of the particles have grown vertically. This kind of non uniform pattern can cause a non uniform distribution of Silicon nanowires. It is confirmed that the the morphology of the nanowires also depends on the resistivity of the wafers. The magnified HRTEM image shows the well-resolved lattice spacing of the silicon nanowire, which depicts the crystalline nature of the silicon nanowires.

Item Type:Thesis ( MSc)
Uncontrolled Keywords:Nanowire;electroless etching;crystallinity;XRD;SEM;TEM
Subjects:Physics > Nanoparticle Synthesis
Physics > Condensed Matter
Physics > Nanoparticle Characterization
Divisions: Sciences > Department of Physics
ID Code:4954
Deposited By:Hemanta Biswal
Deposited On:19 Nov 2013 11:02
Last Modified:20 Dec 2013 14:19
Supervisor(s):Kar, J P and Kumar, P

Repository Staff Only: item control page