Fast motion estimation algorithm in H.264 standard

Murmu, Kalyani (2013) Fast motion estimation algorithm in H.264 standard. MTech thesis.



In H.264/AVC standard, the block motion estimation pattern is used to estimate the motion which is a very time consuming part. Although many fast algorithms have been proposed to reduce the huge calculation, the motion estimation time still cannot achieve the critical real time application. So to develop an algorithm which will be fast and having low complexity became a challenge in this standard.For this reasons, a lot of block motion estimation algorithms have been proposed. Typically the block motion estimation part is categorized into two parts. (1) Single pixel motion estimation (2) Fractional pixel motion estimation. In single pixel motion estimation one kind of fast motion algorithm uses fixed pattern like Three Step search, 2-D Logarithmic Search. Four Step search,Diamond Search, Hexagon Based Search. These algorithms are able to reduce the search point and get good coding quality. But the coding quality decreases when the fixed pattern does not fit the real life video sequence. In this thesis we tried to reduce the time complexity and number of search point by using an early termination method which is called adaptive threshold selection. We have used this method in three step search (TSS) and four step search and compared the performance with already existing block matching algorithm.This thesis work proposes fast sub-pixel motion estimation techniques having lower computational complexity. The proposed methods are based on mathematical models of the motion compensated prediction errors in compressing moving pictures. Unlike conventional hierarchical motion estimation techniques, the proposed methods avoid sub-pixel interpolation and subsequent secondary search after the integer-precision motion estimation, resulting in reduced computational time. In order to decide the coefficients of the models, the motion-compensated prediction errors of the neighboring pixels around the integer-pixel motion vector are utilized.

Item Type:Thesis (MTech)
Uncontrolled Keywords:H.264 standard, sub-pixel interpolation,Three step search, Four step search.
Subjects:Engineering and Technology > Electrical Engineering > Image Processing
Divisions: Engineering and Technology > Department of Electrical Engineering
ID Code:4965
Deposited By:Hemanta Biswal
Deposited On:03 Dec 2013 09:54
Last Modified:20 Dec 2013 11:48
Supervisor(s):Patra, D

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