VLSI Implementation of Energy Detection Algorithm
for WLAN and WiMAX Applications

Dalai, Jharana (2013) VLSI Implementation of Energy Detection Algorithm
for WLAN and WiMAX Applications.
MTech thesis.



The electromagnetic spectrum is a natural resource. The current spectrum licensing scheme is unable to accommodate rapidly growing demand in wireless communication due the static spectrum allocation policies. This allocation leads to increase in spectrum scarcity problem. Cognitive radio (CR) technology is an advanced wireless radio design which aims to increase spectrum utilization by identifying unused and under-utilized spectrum in dynamically changing environments. Spectrum sensing is a one of the key method of cognitive radio which detects the presence of primary user in licensed frequency band using dynamic spectrum allocation policies to utilize unused spectrum. Energy detection is a simple spectrum sensing technique, which does not require prior information of signal which is present in the frequency band. But in low signal to noise ratio (SNR) conditions, its performance is weak, which can be improved by signal processing algorithm. As energy detection is simple and easily implemented in hardware, so it is preferred in emerging standard like IEEE 802.22, Wireless Region Area Network (WRAN), IEEE 802.11a,Wireless Local Area Network(WLAN) and 802.16, World Wide Interoperability Microwave Access(WiMAX). In this thesis energy detection technique is applied for WLAN and WiMAX under BPSK modulation method and Monte-Carlo simulations are performed totest the performance of received signals in WLAN and WiMAX. Following to this work VLSI implementation of spectrum sensing using energy detection have been implemented for pseudo random sequence generated signal and BPSK modulates signal. OFDM is used as modulation standard and it is implemented in VLSI for WLAN and WiMAX.

Item Type:Thesis (MTech)
Uncontrolled Keywords:Cognitive Radio,Spectrum Sensing,Energy Detection,PRSG,BPSK,OFDM,WLAN ,WiMAX
Subjects:Engineering and Technology > Electronics and Communication Engineering > Wireless Communications
Engineering and Technology > Electronics and Communication Engineering > VLSI
Divisions: Engineering and Technology > Department of Electronics and Communication Engineering
ID Code:4989
Deposited By:Hemanta Biswal
Deposited On:05 Dec 2013 16:54
Last Modified:20 Dec 2013 11:43
Supervisor(s):Patra, S K

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