Laboratory Evaluation of Bond between Bituminous Paving Layers

Giri , Jyoti Prakash (2013) Laboratory Evaluation of Bond between Bituminous Paving Layers. MTech thesis.



A bituminous pavement is a multi-layered structure generally made up of surfacing, base and sub base courses on a sub grade. An interface is said to be a boundary between any two consecutive layers. So an adequate bond between the layers at the interfaces must be ensured so that multiple layers perform as a single composite structure. In case of non-bituminous layers or bituminous-non bituminous layers, adequate bond is established as such due to the mechanical interlocking between the aggregate surfaces. To increase the adhesion or bonding between two bituminous layers, bituminous tack coats are applied prior to overlay. This study is an attempt to evaluate the interface bond strength between two types of bituminous layer combinations in the laboratory. The cylindrical specimens have been tested for bond strength at four normal service temperatures, namely 250, 300, 350 and 400C by applying different types of tack coat at varying application rates. Two types of layer combinations have been tried, namely (i) Bituminous Concrete (BC) layer on Dense Bituminous Macadam (DBM) samples and (ii) Semi Dense Bituminous Concrete (SDBC) layer on Bituminous Macadam (BM) samples. Similarly, different types of tack coat materials namely bitumen, Cationic Rapid Setting with low viscosity (CRS-1) and Cationic Medium Setting with high viscosity (CMS-2) emulsions have been used for the interface bond between the said bituminous layers. The samples thus prepared have then been tested on a specially fabricated attachment (named bond strength device) fixed to the loading frame of the Modified Marshall Testing Apparatus. It is observed that the interlayer bond strength depends on the test temperature and this decreases with increase in test temperature. It is also observed that the bond strength depends on the type of tack coat used and conditions of the type of combinations. The optimum amount of tack coat has been found to vary for tack coat type and layer combination type.

Item Type:Thesis (MTech)
Uncontrolled Keywords:Interlayer Bond strength, Tack coat, Bituminous layer combination, Bond strength device.
Subjects:Engineering and Technology > Civil Engineering > Pavement Engineering
Divisions: Engineering and Technology > Department of Civil Engineering
ID Code:5197
Deposited By:Hemanta Biswal
Deposited On:12 Dec 2013 09:42
Last Modified:12 Dec 2013 09:42
Supervisor(s):Panda, M

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