Minimization of defects in aluminium alloy castings using SQC

Navyanth , Kusampudi (2013) Minimization of defects in aluminium alloy castings using SQC. BTech thesis.



In the present world with the increasing use of Aluminium alloy wheels in automotive industry the Aluminium foundry industry had to focus on the quality of the products. The quality of a foundry industry can be increased by minimizing the casting defects during production. Aim of the current study is to study the production line of an aluminum alloy wheel manufacturing industry and to improve the quality of production using quality control tools. This study shows the systematic approach to find the root cause of a major defects in aluminium castings using defect diagnostic approach as well as cause and effect diagram. Casting defect analysis is carried out using techniques like historical data analysis, cause-effect diagrams, design of experiments and root cause analysis. Data from X-ray inspection (Radiographic Inspection) have been collected along with the production parameter data. Using check sheets data has been collected and all the defects have been studied. Using Pareto chart major defects in the aluminium castings were noted. The major defects for the rejections during production were identified as shrinkages, inclusions, porosity/gas holes and cracks. Each defect is studied thoroughly and the possible causes for the defects are shown in Fishbone Diagrams (Cause Effect Diagrams). As the shrinkages mainly occur due to lack of feedability during the fluid flow the stalk changing frequency is noted along with the shrinkages defects and a relation is drawn between them. As hydrogen forms gas holes and porosity in the aluminium castings the amount of hydrogen present in the molten metal is studied by finding specific gravity of the samples collected. The molten metal temperature effects the amount of the hydrogen absorbed by it. .So the effect of molten metal temperature on the specific gravity of the sample collected have been shown in a graph and the optimum value for molten metal temperature was found out.

Item Type:Thesis (BTech)
Uncontrolled Keywords:Al alloy castings, control chart, Cracks,Defect diagnostic approach, Fishbone diagram, Inclusions, Shrinkages,
Subjects:Engineering and Technology > Mechanical Engineering > Production Engineering
Divisions: Engineering and Technology > Department of Mechanical Engineering
ID Code:5301
Deposited By:Hemanta Biswal
Deposited On:17 Dec 2013 09:30
Last Modified:17 Dec 2013 09:30
Supervisor(s):Patel, S K

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