Bagadi, K P (2014) *On Development of Some Soft Computing Based Multiuser Detection Techniques for SDMA–OFDM Wireless Communication System.* PhD thesis.

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## Abstract

Space Division Multiple Access(SDMA) based technique as a subclass of Multiple Input Multiple Output (MIMO) systems achieves high spectral efficiency through bandwidth reuse

by multiple users. On the other hand, Orthogonal Frequency Division Multiplexing (OFDM) mitigates the impairments of the propagation channel. The combination of SDMA and

OFDM has emerged as a most competitive technology for future wireless communication system. In the SDMA uplink, multiple users communicate simultaneously with a multiple

antenna Base Station (BS) sharing the same frequency band by exploring their unique user specific-special spatial signature. Different Multiuser Detection (MUD) schemes have been proposed at the BS receiver to identify users correctly by mitigating the multiuser

interference. However, most of the classical MUDs fail to separate the users signals in the over load scenario, where the number of users exceed the number of receiving antennas. On the other hand, due to exhaustive search mechanism, the optimal Maximum Likelihood (ML)

detector is limited by high computational complexity, which increases exponentially with increasing number of simultaneous users. Hence, cost function minimization based Minimum Error Rate (MER) detectors are preferred, which basically minimize the probability of error by iteratively updating receiver’s weights using adaptive algorithms such as Steepest Descent (SD), Conjugate Gradient (CG) etc. The first part of research proposes Optimization Techniques (OTs) aided MER detectors to overcome the shortfalls of the CG based MER detectors. Popular metaheuristic

search algorithms like Adaptive Genetic Algorithm (AGA), Adaptive Differential Evolution Algorithm (ADEA) and Invasive Weed Optimization (IWO), which rely on an intelligent search of a large but finite solution space using statistical methods, have been applied for

finding the optimal weight vectors for MER MUD. Further, it is observed in an overload SDMA–OFDM system that the channel output phasor constellation often becomes linearly

non-separable. With increasing the number of users, the receiver weight optimization task turns out to be more difficult due to the exponentially increased number of dimensions of the weight matrix. As a result, MUD becomes a challenging multidimensional optimization problem. Therefore, signal classification requires a nonlinear solution. Considering this, the second part of research work suggests Artificial Neural Network (ANN) based MUDs on thestandard Multilayer Perceptron (MLP) and Radial Basis Function (RBF) frameworks for

Item Type: | Thesis (PhD) |
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Uncontrolled Keywords: | Space Division Multiple Access, Orthogonal Frequency Division Multiplexing,Multiuser Detection, Bit Error Rate, Minimum Mean Square Error, Maximum Likelihood, Minimum Bit Error Rate, Minimum Symbol Error Rate, Conjugate Gradient, Optimization techniques, Adaptive Genetic Algorithm, Adaptive Differential Evolution Algorithm, Invasive Weed Optimization, Neural Networks, Multilayer Perceptron, Radial Basis Function |

Subjects: | Engineering and Technology > Electrical Engineering |

Divisions: | Engineering and Technology > Department of Electrical Engineering |

ID Code: | 5651 |

Deposited By: | Hemanta Biswal |

Deposited On: | 22 Jul 2014 15:02 |

Last Modified: | 22 Jul 2014 15:02 |

Supervisor(s): | Das, S |

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