Operational analysis of roundabouts under mixed traffic flow condition

Mallikarjuna, R (2014) Operational analysis of roundabouts under mixed traffic flow condition. MTech thesis.



This thesis addresses the most important element of operational performance of roundabout traffic intersections in Rourkela on capacity analysis. The movements of the vehicles were observed at 5 roundabouts along ring road in Rourkela. Gap acceptance and follow up time were estimated for cars for one hour analysis. The relation between a roundabout performance measure and capacity is expressed in terms of degree of saturation (volume – Capacity ratio). The capacity analysis is done based on gap acceptance method that is adopted by Tanner based on the HCM 2010. The traffic movement data with vehicle characteristics were collected from 5 roundabouts in Rourkela. These 5 roundabouts are directly related to their approach leg numbers. Tanner models use the gap-acceptance theory (or critical headway) to simulate the behaviour of entering vehicles and vehicles circulating within the roundabout. Current research work on roundabout models mostly concentrates on determining the capacity of an approach based on the entering and circulating flows. Approach capacity is calculated as a mathematical function of critical headway and follow-up headway. The Tanner model is based on gap- acceptance theory with gap-acceptance parameters. The Highway Capacity Manual (HCM 2010) roundabout tanner capacity model is an analytical (exponential regression) model with clear basis in gap-acceptance theory. The NCHRP Report 572model is based on empirical exponential regression) capacity model with no explicitly. Capacity analysis results indicated that out of 5 roundabouts 1 of them has greater than 0.85 degree of saturation and this roundabout has critical for traffic flow because this has degree of saturation more than 0.85.

Item Type:Thesis (MTech)
Uncontrolled Keywords:Round about, capacity, vehicles, Gap acceptance, Follow up time, Delay, Queue length, LOS, Degree of Saturation
Subjects:Engineering and Technology > Civil Engineering > Transportation Engineering
Divisions: Engineering and Technology > Department of Civil Engineering
ID Code:6236
Deposited By:Hemanta Biswal
Deposited On:08 Sep 2014 11:18
Last Modified:08 Sep 2014 11:18
Supervisor(s):Bhuyan, P K

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