Engineering characterization of sulphur modified bituminous binders

Das, Aditya Kumar (2014) Engineering characterization of sulphur modified bituminous binders. MTech thesis.



The demand on bituminous flexible pavement, as a result of growth in heavy traffic loads and their tyre contact pressure with adverse climatic conditions, fatigue and rutting performance has resulted in an interest towards the modified bituminous binders. There are various popular modified binders already available worldwide. These modifiers significantly alter the rheological and morphological properties of the binder, as characterized by rheological testing methods along with the morphological rather than the conventional methods, to enhance the performance of the binder. This study is intended towards the modification of the conventional viscosity grade VG 30 bitumen and applications of commercial sulphur available in local market to modify the VG 30 bitumen and to evaluate the rheological characteristics of unaged and aged samples of these two binders using a Dynamic Shear Rheometer (DSR). Attempt has been made to decide the appropriate conditions for binder development such as mixing/blending time and temperature to ensure proper modification, through the rheological parameters of phase angle and complex modulus. This development ultimately helps to influence the fatigue and rutting resistances of bituminous mixes. The modification of bitumen with sulphur at six different mixing temperature such as 100ºC, 110ºC, 120ºC, 130ºC, 140ºC, 150ºC and 160ºC, each made at five different mixing times such as 5 min, 10 min, 15 min, 20 min, 30 min. has also been carried out. The optimum modification level has been evaluated considering unaging and aging criteria for five sulphur contents such as 1%, 2%, 3%, 4% and 5% by weight of the bitumen. It is observed that the addition of 2% sulphur by weight with bitumen blended at 140ºC temperature for about 30 min., results in the best modification of VG 30 bitumen in terms of the rheological properties, and satisfying the requirements of conventional properties.

Item Type:Thesis (MTech)
Uncontrolled Keywords:Bitumen, Rheology, Viscosity, Elasticity, Phase angle, Complex Shear Modulus
Subjects:Engineering and Technology > Civil Engineering > Transportation Engineering
Divisions: Engineering and Technology > Department of Civil Engineering
ID Code:6332
Deposited By:Hemanta Biswal
Deposited On:09 Sep 2014 16:00
Last Modified:09 Sep 2014 16:00
Supervisor(s): Panda, M

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