Studies on Product Design using Ergonomic Considerations

Mohanty, Pragyan Paramita (2015) Studies on Product Design using Ergonomic Considerations. PhD thesis.



Embedding ergonomic consideration into product/machine/equipment/component design as well as work environment taking into account both psychological and physical needs of user helps to enhance user efficiency, satisfaction and productivity. It is vital to find best design elements to visualize the product which possesses the characteristics not only to satisfy the users but also reduces fatigue and injury during prolonged use. Although subjective and objective product characteristics are important during product design, user comfort becomes a vital factor that can be quantified by the analysis on continuous physical interaction between product and user. Beside above influential factors, ergonomic design of product also considers cognitive and behavioral information during the design stage with a view to improve the comfort level of the user and aesthetic look of the product. To address above issues, an integrated approach using statistical and artificial intelligence techniques has been proposed in this thesis to effectively handle subjective and objectives characteristics during design phase. The statistical method is used to assess various user requirements and their significance whereas artificial intelligence method determines the relationship between user requirements and product characteristics. Since most of the psychological needs of users are difficult to express quantitatively, combined approach of statistical and artificial intelligence method can handle the subjectivity and uncertainty in an effective manner. The approach has been demonstrated with the help of design of office chair. Keeping view with the physical interaction between human soft tissue and product as a measuring factor of comfort sensation in an office environment, a numerical analysis of human soft tissue-chair seat model has been introduced into current work. In order to evaluate superior ergonomically designed product (office chair), suitable multi-attribute decision making (MADM) approach based on few important features has been chosen to address the usability of product improving satisfaction level of customer. The study also analyses a kinematic model of human upper arm extremity to diagnose comfort arm posture that allows the operator to have a comfort work zone within which possible postures can be accepted.

Item Type:Thesis (PhD)
Uncontrolled Keywords:Ergonomic design; Subjective and objective design characteristics; Comfort level; Artificial intelligence techniques; Bureau of Indian Standard; Numerical model; Finite element model; Ischial tuberocity; Multi-attribute decision making (MADM) approach; Kinematic model; Neuro-fuzzy inference system (ANFIS); Least square support vector machine (LSSVM).
Subjects:Engineering and Technology > Industrial Design > Design
Divisions: Engineering and Technology > Department of Industrial Design
ID Code:6687
Deposited By:Hemanta Biswal
Deposited On:03 Aug 2015 12:26
Last Modified:03 Aug 2015 12:26
Supervisor(s):Mahapatra, Siba Sankar

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