Design and Development of Cellular Structure for Additive Manufacturing

Panda, Biranchi Narayan (2015) Design and Development of Cellular Structure for Additive Manufacturing. MTech by Research thesis.



The demand for shorter product development time has resulted in the introduction of a new paradigm called Additive Manufacturing (AM). Due to its significant advantages in terms of cost effective, lesser build time, elimination of expensive tooling, design flexibility AM is finding applications in many diverse fields of the industry today. One of the recent applications of this technology is for fabrication of cellular structures. Cellular structures are designed to have material where it is needed for specific applications. Compared to solid materials, these structures can provide high strength-to-weight ratio, good energy absorption characteristics and good thermal and acoustic insulation properties to aerospace, medical and engineering products. However, due to inclusion of too many design variables, the design process of these structures is a challenge task. Furthermore, polymer additive manufacturing techniques, such as fused deposition modeling (FDM) process which shows the great capability to fabricate these structures, are still facing certain process limitations in terms of support structure requirement for certain category of cellular structures. Therefore, in this research, a computer-aided design (CAD) based method is proposed to design and develop hexagonal honeycomb structure (self-supporting periodic cellular structure) for FDM process. This novel methodology is found to have potential to create honeycomb cellular structures with different volume fractions successfully without any part distortion. Once designing process is complete, mechanical and microstructure properties of these structures are characterized to investigate effect of volume fraction on compressive strength of the part. Volume fraction can be defined as the volume percentage of the solid material inside the cellular structure and it is varied in this thesis by changing the cell size and wall thickness of honeycombs. Compression strength of the honeycomb structure is observed to increase with the increase in the volume fraction and this behavior is compared with an existing Wierzbicki expression, developed for predicting compression properties. Some differences are noticed in between experimentally tested and Wierzbicki model estimated compressive strength. These differences may be attributed to layer by layer deposition strategy and the residual stress inherent to the FDM-manufacturing process.
Finally, as a design case study, resin transfer molding (RTM) mold internally filled with honeycomb is designed and tested instead of the regular FDM mold. Results show that our proposed methodology has the ability to generate honeycomb structures efficiently while reducing the expensive build material (Mold) consumption to near about 50%. However, due to complex geometry of the honeycomb pattern the build time increased about 65% compare to solid FDM mould. In this regard, FDM tool-path can be optimized in future, so that overall product cost will be minimized.
As per the author’s knowledge, this design methodology will have a greatest contribution towards creating sustainable and green product development. Using this, in future, expensive build material and production time can also be minimized for some hydroforming and injection molding applications.

Item Type:Thesis (MTech by Research)
Uncontrolled Keywords:Computer-aided design (CAD), Cellular structures, Resin Transfer Molding (RTM), Design for Additive Manufacturing (DFAM)
Subjects:Engineering and Technology > Industrial Design > Design
Divisions: Engineering and Technology > Department of Industrial Design
ID Code:6928
Deposited By:Mr. Sanat Kumar Behera
Deposited On:13 Jan 2016 14:49
Last Modified:13 Jan 2016 14:49
Supervisor(s):Biswal, B B

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