Development and Characterization of Al-E Glass Fiber Composites

Verma, Dipanshu (2015) Development and Characterization of Al-E Glass Fiber Composites. MTech thesis.



Metal Matrix Composites (MMCs) have brought a keen interest in current scenario for potential applications in automotive industries owing to their superior strength to weight ratio.In the present work a modest attempt has been made to develop aluminium (Al) based E-glass fibre composites with an objective to produce economic method of obtaining high strength MMCs. E-Glass fibers are the most widely used glass fibers as reinforcement in composites. E-glass fibers show proficient bulk properties such as high hardness (6000 MPa), high strength ,dimensional stability, resistance to chemical attack .It has density of 2.58 gm/cc, tensile strength of 3500 MPa and Young’s modulus of 85 GPa along with compressive strength of 5000 MPa. The present work investigates the microstructure and hardness of an Al-based MMC reinforced with different (1, 2, 5) vol. % of E-glass fiber developed by powder metallurgy route. The E- glass fiber having different length (2 , 5 and 8 mm) were chosen for each composition. Both unmilled and 20h milled nanostructured Al were used as matrix and mixed with E-glass fiber in different vol. % and compacted under uniaxial load of 222 MPa and sintered at 500oC for 2h in Ar atmosphere. For a period of upto20 h Al was milled in a high energy planetary ball mill in order to develop nanocrystalline Al powder. The milled Al powder was analyzedusing scanning electron microscope (SEM) ,x-ray diffraction (XRD), and high resolution transmission electron microscope (HRTEM). The effect of nanocrystalline Al on densification and sintering was analyzed. The microstructure of the various Al based MMCs were analyzed using SEM and optical microscope. The hardness of the various composites was measured using a Vickers microhardness tester. SEM was used to analyse the fracture surface of the composites. The relative density of sintered samples was calculated from Archimedes’ principle

Item Type:Thesis (MTech)
Uncontrolled Keywords:Al-matrix composites; Metal Matrix Composites (MMCs); E-glass fibre;Microstructure
Subjects:Engineering and Technology > Metallurgical and Materials Science > Composites
Divisions: Engineering and Technology > Department of Metallurgical and Materials Engineering
ID Code:7603
Deposited By:Mr. Sanat Kumar Behera
Deposited On:18 Sep 2016 17:25
Last Modified:18 Sep 2016 17:25
Supervisor(s):Alam, S N

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