CFD Modelling of Heat Transfer in Blast Furnace

Dalai, Biswajit (2015) CFD Modelling of Heat Transfer in Blast Furnace. BTech thesis.



Iron blast furnace is used in the metallurgical field to extract molten pig iron from its ore through a reduction mechanism. The furnace is a vertical shaft with circular cross section. It has five main parts: stack, belly, bosh, tuyeres and hearth. Amongst these regions, hearth is the most important one for the asset life of a furnace. Erosion of refractory lining of the hearth reduces the furnace’s campaign life. So it is necessary to understand the interactions occurring between the slag, molten metal and the refractories. But the severe operating conditions and very high temperature inside the hearth make it impossible to practically observe the processes taking place within it. In order to overcome this problem, the hearth is modelled by using various Computational Fluid Dynamics (CFD) soft-wares such as ANSYS Fluent, ANSYS-CFX, FLUENT for CATIA V5, ANSYS CFD-Flo etc. The numerical model is then supplied with data which are already known from practical situations as boundary conditions. Proper physical properties of the materials are also used as input. The software runs several simulations and provides us with the result that can validate the experimental observations up to the most accurate level. In this study, temperature distribution profile inside a blast furnace hearth has been shown by modelling a simple hearth with the help of ANSYS 15.0 Workbench. The model is simulated by changing some parameters and making several assumptions. The discrepancy in the calculated and the observed temperature opens up new scope for further improvement.

Item Type:Thesis (BTech)
Uncontrolled Keywords:Blast Furnace Hearth, Campaign Life, Computational Fluid Dynamics (CFD), ANSYS, Simulations
Subjects:Engineering and Technology > Metallurgical and Materials Science
Divisions: Engineering and Technology > Department of Metallurgical and Materials Engineering
ID Code:7627
Deposited By:Mr. Sanat Kumar Behera
Deposited On:18 Sep 2016 16:15
Last Modified:18 Sep 2016 16:15
Supervisor(s):Yedla, N

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