Investigation of Heart-Lung Function in Smokers Using Integrated Heart-Lung Signal Acquisition System

Sahoo, Santosh Kumar (2015) Investigation of Heart-Lung Function in Smokers Using Integrated Heart-Lung Signal Acquisition System. BTech thesis.



Integrated heart lung signal acquisition system is a device which helps to acquire ECG and respiratory signals simultaneously and unambiguously. This study deals with the investigation of the functioning of heart and lungs in smokers. The Vernier EKG sensor and Vernier –NTC thermistor were assembled to record the ECG and respiratory signals from 30 subjects. After recording the data were further divided into 2 groups, smokers and non-smokers. R-R interval and the HRV analysis of the ECG signal was done. For the respiratory signal analysis, first respiratory information were extracted from the data and the inspiratory and expiratory volumes were then determined. From the results, it was found that the mean heart rate of the smokers was less than the non-smokers whereas the mean R-R interval was more in case of smokers. From the frequency domain analysis it was observed that there is significant increase in the low frequency (LF) indices in case of smokers and slight increase in the high frequency (HF) indices for non-smokers. Furthermore the LF/HF ratio was higher in case of smokers. The Shannon entropy analysed from the nonlinear indices of HRV was found to be more or less similar for both smokers and non-smokers whereas the Poincare standard descriptors seem to be less for smokers in comparison with the non-smokers. The analysis of the respiratory signals showed that both the inspiratory and expiratory areas under the respective curves were higher for the smokers in comparison to the non-smokers. From all these we can deduce that the sympathetic activity in case of smokers is high as compared to the non-smokers. Thus, the overall study concluded that the integrated data acquisition system is a good methodology to investigate both ECG and respiratory signals. In future, this methodology can be used to find the relation between R-R intervals and breathing intervals to investigate the co-relative function between heart and lungs in various pathological cases.

Item Type:Thesis (BTech)
Uncontrolled Keywords:Integrated Data Acquisition System, ECG, Respiratory, R-R interval, HRV
Subjects:Engineering and Technology > Biomedical Engineering
Divisions: Engineering and Technology > Department of Biotechnology and Medical Engineering
ID Code:8002
Deposited By:Mr. Sanat Kumar Behera
Deposited On:24 Jun 2016 19:06
Last Modified:24 Jun 2016 19:06
Supervisor(s):Ray, S S

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