A Study on Fault Tolerant Wide-Area Controller Design to Damp Inter-Area Oscillations in Power Systems

Sundaria, Anubhav (2016) A Study on Fault Tolerant Wide-Area Controller Design to Damp Inter-Area Oscillations in Power Systems. MTech thesis.

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Abstract

Due to increased power supply demand, power system oscillations has become a major concern to have stable and secure system operation. One of the major concern in a power system is to damp inter-area oscillations. Lack of proper damping of oscillations may limit power transfer capability and blackouts. Power system stabilizer is used to damp local oscillations but not efficient to damp inter-area oscillations due to less observability of wide-area signals. Wide-Area Measurement Systems is used to overcome this issue and damp inter-area modes to an adequate level. In order to select feedback signals and controller location, wide-area loop selection method using geometrical measure approach is performed. However, while obtaining local and remote signals, a time-delay is introduced that may degrade the performance of system or may lead to instability. Two configurations are defined depending on feedback i.e. synchronous and non-synchronous feedback and modeled with 2nd order Pade approximation. The controller is synthesized based on H8 mixed sensitivity method with regional pole placement for a 4 machine 11 bus power system. It can be found that WDC damps out oscillations quickly and improves performance. Next problem considered is to design a controller when there is a sudden loss of remote signal. A conventional control (CC) method is used to design controller considering a local signal always available and a comparison is made in plants performance for normal and faulty conditions. It is found that conventional control method degrades performance in faulty situation and may lead to instability. To address this problem, a passive fault tolerant control (FTC) method is used where an iterative procedure is used and found that the system maintains adequate stability even in faulty conditions. For FTC method, the control effort required was more compared to CC method but FTC provides acceptable performance than CC controller.

Item Type:Thesis (MTech)
Uncontrolled Keywords:Power System Stabilizer; Wide-Area Control; Time-delay; Synchronization; Conventional Control; Fault Tolerant Control
Subjects:Engineering and Technology > Electrical Engineering > Power Systems
Divisions: Engineering and Technology > Department of Electrical Engineering
ID Code:8128
Deposited By:Mr. Sanat Kumar Behera
Deposited On:21 Dec 2017 15:40
Last Modified:21 Dec 2017 15:40
Supervisor(s):Ghosh, Sandip

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