Efficient Energy Management in Cloud Data center using VM Consolidation

Pattanaik, Swarupa (2016) Efficient Energy Management in Cloud Data center using VM Consolidation. MTech thesis.

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Abstract

Cloud computing is a model which can fast provisioned and released the computing resources by using minimum number of management effort. This can be done by the user without doing any communication with the cloud service providers. Cloud provide the computing resources, on-demand network access which is pooled together and it can be provisioned dynamically according to the user needs. Due to the large application, more number of computing nodes are required. A large amount of electrical energy is consumed due to the establishment of the data center. There is a problem of carbon dioxide emissions and increasing cost of operation due to the formation of large data center. A consolidation of virtual machines technique is proposed in our thesis to reduce the energy consumption and to maximize the utilization of the computing resources in the data center. Several virtual machines are taken together into a single physical machine in the consolidation technique and it helps to decrease the consumption of energy by putting idle server into inactive mode. A number of active hosts is minimized by continuously reallocating VMs using live migration. In each migration, Service Level Agreement(SLA) violations may occur, hence it is required to reduce the number of migrations.In order to satisfy quality of services in cloud computing environment, our proposed techniques mainly performs the following functions:(i)reducing the consumption of energy, (ii) minimize the number of migrations and (iii) minimize the percentage of SLA violations. Initially we detect whether any host is overloaded or not. The Overloaded host is detected by considering CPU utilization as a threshold Value. If an overloaded host is detected then some virtual machines are migrated from it by using VM selection policy. After selection of the VMs, the next step is to place the new VMs. For VM placement, the greedy algorithms such as Best Fit Decreasing(BFD) and Modified First Fit Decreasing(MFFD) are used in this thesis. The proposed techniques are compared with the existing EEDVM and PALVM techniques. Using proposed AUTREC technique there is 8% improved in energy consumption, 3% in number of migrations, 10% in SLA violation and 12% in host shutdown as compared to EEDVM technique. Using proposed DUTREC technique there is 9% improved in energy consumption, 6% in number of migrations, 20% in SLA violation and 13% in host shutdown as compared to PALVM technique.

Item Type:Thesis (MTech)
Uncontrolled Keywords:VM Consolidation; Virtualization; VM Migration; VM placement
Subjects:Engineering and Technology > Computer and Information Science > Networks
Divisions: Engineering and Technology > Department of Computer Science
ID Code:8195
Deposited By:Mr. Sanat Kumar Behera
Deposited On:11 Oct 2017 10:57
Last Modified:11 Oct 2017 10:57
Supervisor(s):Khilar, Pabitra Mohan

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