Effort Estimation Methods in Software Development Using Machine Learning Algorithms

Satapathy, Shashank Mouli (2016) Effort Estimation Methods in Software Development Using Machine Learning Algorithms. PhD thesis.



Estimation of effort for the proposed software is a standout amongst the most essential activities in project management. Proper estimation of effort is often desirable in order to avoid any sort of failures in a project and is the practice to adopted by developers at the very beginning stage of the software development life cycle. Estimating the effort and schedule with a higher accuracy is a challenge that attracts attention of researchers as well as practitioners. Predicting the effort required to develop a software to a certain level of accuracy is definitely a difficult assignment for a manager or system analyst, when the requirements are not very clearly identified. Effort estimation helps project managers to determine time and effort required for the successful completion of the project. In order to help the organization in developing qualitative products within a planned time frame, the job of appropriate software effort estimation is of primary requirement. For measuring the cost and effort of software development, traditional software estimation techniques like Constructive Cost Estimation (COCOMO) model and Function Point Analysis (FPA) have not been proved very much satisfactory, because of uncertainties associated with parameters such as Line Of Code (LOC) and Function Point (FP) respectively, used for procedural programming concept. The procedural oriented design splits the data and procedure, whereas accepted practice of present day i.e., the object-oriented design combines both of them Since class and use case are the basic logical units of an object-oriented system, the use of Class Point (CP) and Use Case Point (UCP) approach to estimate the project effort helps to get more accurate result. For projects based on the aspect of Web Engineering, effort estimation practice is identified as a critical issue Considering these facts, there is a strong need for formal estimation of web-based projects, which can be accomplished by the help of International Software Benchmarking Standards
Group (ISBSG) dataset. Similarly, in case of agile projects, Story Point Approach (SPA) is used to measure the effort required to implement a user story. By adding up the estimates of user stories which were nished during an iteration (story point iteration), the project velocity is obtained. The dataset related to CP, UCP and SPA are collected from previous projects mentioned in few research articles or from industries in order to assess the results. In order to create results of estimation with more accuracy, when managing issues of complex connections in the middle of inputs as well as yields, and where, there is a distortion in the inputs by high noise levels, the application of machine learning (ML) techniques helps to bring out results with more accuracy. A number of past research studies indicate that no single technique turns out to be the best for all cases. This is because of the dependency of system's execution altogether on the predicted function types, variations in properties of collected data, number of tests, noise ratio and so on. Hence the use of ML techniques in order to cope with issues arises in real-life situation is considered to be worthwhile. The research work carried out here presents the use of various ML techniques for software effort estimation using CP, UCP, Web-based and SPA approaches. The ML techniques are implemented taking into consideration of related dataset to predict the required effort.

Item Type:Thesis (PhD)
Uncontrolled Keywords:Class Point Approach; Use Case Point Approach; Story Point Approach; Web-based Applications; Software Effort Estimation; Machine Learning Techniques.
Subjects:Engineering and Technology > Computer and Information Science > Networks
Divisions: Engineering and Technology > Department of Computer Science
ID Code:8208
Deposited By:Mr. Sanat Kumar Behera
Deposited On:28 Nov 2016 10:55
Last Modified:28 Nov 2016 10:55
Supervisor(s):Rath, S K

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