Effects of Photocatalytic Nanoparticle Interfaces on Biological Membranes and Biomacromolecules

Arakha, Manoranjan (2017) Effects of Photocatalytic Nanoparticle Interfaces on Biological Membranes and Biomacromolecules. PhD thesis.



Inside the biological milieu, nanoparticles come in myriad shape and size those upon interaction with different biomolecules form nano-biomolecular complexes. The interface formed as a result of nanoparticle and biomolecular interactions determines fate of both the nanoparticle and biomolecules inside the biological milieu. Accordingly, investigating the interaction pattern at different interfaces will help in optimizing the use of nanoparticle for relatively wider biomedical applications. Hence, the thesis intends to study the effects of different photocatalytic nanoparticle interfaces on biological membranes, like prokaryotic and eukaryotic membranes, and biomacromolecules, like nucleic acid and protein. To this end, photocatalytic nanoparticles, such as zinc oxide (ZnONP), iron oxide (IONP) and silver (AgNP) nanoparticles, were synthesized using chemical synthesis or green synthesis methods. Initially, the effects of interfacial potential and interfacial functional groups were studied against Gram-positive and Gram-negative bacteria. The studies demonstrated that the interfacial potential and surface functionality significantly affect interaction pattern at the interface, which defines anti-bacterial/cytocompatible property of nanoparticles. In addition, second part of the thesis explored the effect of nanoparticle surface defects on cytotoxic and antimicrobial propensities of nanoparticle. The study revealed that energy band gap reduction significantly enhances the oxidative stress in cells, leading viable cells into non-viable cells. The second part, unlike the first part of the thesis where the focus was cell membrane functionality, focused on the interface effects on nucleic acid. Third objective of the thesis observed photocatalytic nanoparticle interaction with antimicrobial peptide (AMP), like nisin, and its effect on the peptide conformational and functional dynamics. The interaction leading into nisin assembly onto AgNP interface enhanced the efficacy of peptide by many folds, without significant change in peptide conformation. Whereas in fourth objective, interaction with globular protein, like lysozyme, showed that the assembly onto ZnONP interface led into conformational rearrangement that hinders the amyloidogenic propensity of lysozyme in studied conditions. Nevertheless, with increase in ZnONP fraction in the conjugate mixtures, the protein attains relatively more regular conformation than partially unfolded conformation at pH 9. Insignificant conformational changes in lysozyme assembled onto ZnONP interface was observed at pH 7.4. Thus, the findings, altogether, suggested that the physico-chemical properties of photocatalytic nanoparticle interface significantly affect the fate of biomembrane and biomacromolecules inside the biological milieu.

Item Type:Thesis (PhD)
Uncontrolled Keywords:Nanoparticle; Biomacromolecule; Surface potential; Nano-bio complex
Subjects:Life Science > Molecular Meidicine
Life Science > Biochemistry
Life Science > Microbiology
Divisions: Sciences > Department of Life Science
ID Code:8497
Deposited By:Mr. Sanat Kumar Behera
Deposited On:11 Apr 2017 14:47
Last Modified:11 Apr 2017 14:47
Supervisor(s):Jha, S

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