Analysis and Design of Earthquake Resitant Masonry Buildings

Mohanty, Swarna Prava and Bhowmik, Amrapali (2008) Analysis and Design of Earthquake Resitant Masonry Buildings. BTech thesis.



Masonry buildings are the most common type of construction used for all housing around the world. Masonry buildings of brick and stone are superior with respect to durability, fire resistance, heat resistance and formative effects. Because of the easy availability of materials for masonry construction, economic reasons and merits mentioned above this type of construction is employed in the rural, urban and hilly regions up to its optimum, since it is flexible enough to accommodate itself according to the prevailing environmental conditions. Although this type of construction is most oftenly preferred and most frequently employed yet it is not completely perfect regard to seismic efficiency. The post earthquake survey has proved that the masonry buildings are most vulnerable to and have suffered maximum damages in the past earthquakes. A
survey of the affected areas in past earthquakes (Bhuj 2001; Chamoli 1999; Jabalpur, 1997; Killari 1993; Uttarkashi 1991 and Bihar- Nepal 1988) has clearly demonstrated that the major losses of lives were due to collapse of low strength masonry buildings. Thus this type of construction is treated as non-engineered construction and most casualties are due to the collapse of these constructions in earthquake. Moreover the plight is that even after gaining knowledge of earthquake engineering since last three decades, neither a proper method have been developed for seismic analysis and design of masonry buildings nor the topic is fairly covered in the Indian curriculum in spite of the fact that 90% of the population lives in masonry buildings. The present work is a step towards with regard to illustrate a procedure for seismic analysis and design of a masonry building. The paper gives detail procedure of the seismic analysis and design of a three stoyered masonry Residential building. The procedure is divided into several distinctive steps in order to create a solid feeling and confidence that masonry buildings may also be designed as engineered construction.

Item Type:Thesis (BTech)
Uncontrolled Keywords:Earthquake, Seismic
Subjects:Engineering and Technology > Civil Engineering > Earthquake Engineering
Engineering and Technology > Civil Engineering
Divisions: Engineering and Technology > Department of Civil Engineering
ID Code:96
Deposited By:Bhupendra Payal
Deposited On:05 May 2009 20:28
Last Modified:14 Jun 2012 10:54
Supervisor(s):Patel, A

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