Development of a Computer Oriented Algorithmic Approach for Opencast Mine Dispatch System

Sarkar, Saptarshi (2009) Development of a Computer Oriented Algorithmic Approach for Opencast Mine Dispatch System. BTech thesis.



Truck haulage is the most common means used for moving ore/waste in open-pit mining operations, but it is usually the most expensive unit operation in a truck shovel mining system. The state-of-the-art in computing technology has advanced to a point where there are several truck dispatching systems which offer the potential of improving truck-shovel productivity and subsequent savings. Introducing a dispatching system in a mine can achieve operational gains by reducing waiting times and obtain other benefits through better monitoring, optimal routing and grade control. Efficiency of the employed truck-shovel fleet depends on the dispatching strategy in use, the complexity of the truck-shovel system and a variety of other variables. It is a common situation in mining that considerable analysis of the available strategies is undertaken before dispatching is adopted. In most cases, computer simulation is the most applicable and effective method of comparing the alternative dispatching strategies. To develop a computer based algorithm for despatch systems in open cast mines, the program asks the user to enter the number of trucks initially assigned to each shovel site. Experiments are made to investigate the effects of several factors including the dispatching rules, the number of trucks operating, the number of shovels operates, the variability in truck loading, hauling and return times, the distance between shovels and dump site, and availability of shovel and truck resources. The breakdown of shovel and trucks are modeled using exponential distribution. Three performance measures are selected as truck production, overall shovel utilization and overall truck utilizations. But, the main factors affecting the performances are the number of trucks, the number of shovels, the distance between the shovels and dump site, finally the availability of shovel and truck resources. Also, there are significant interaction effects between these main factors.

Item Type:Thesis (BTech)
Uncontrolled Keywords:truck haulage, dispatch system, computer oriented
Subjects:Engineering and Technology > Mining Engineering > Open Cast Mining
Divisions: Engineering and Technology > Department of Mining Engineering
ID Code:1093
Deposited By:Sarkar Saptarshi
Deposited On:15 May 2009 10:56
Last Modified:15 May 2009 10:56
Supervisor(s):Pal, B K

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