CFD Analysis of Natural Convection in a Vertical Microchannel

Kumar, Ashish (2009) CFD Analysis of Natural Convection in a Vertical Microchannel. BTech thesis.



It is highly desirable to understand the fluid flow and the heat transfer characteristics of buoyancy-induced micropump and microheat exchanger in microfluidic and thermal systems. In this study, we analytically investigate the fully developed natural convection in an open-ended vertical parallel-plate microchannel with asymmetric wall temperature distributions. Both of the velocity slip and the temperature jump conditions are considered because they have countereffects both on the volume flow rate and the heat transfer rate. Results reveal that in most of the natural convection situations, the volume flow rate at microscale is higher than that at macroscale, while the heat transfer rate is lower. It is, therefore, concluded that the temperature jump condition induced by the effects of rarefaction and fluid-wall interaction plays an important role in slip-flow natural convection. Certain assumptions made during the analysis neglecting the entrance region heat and mass exchange are also validated.

Item Type:Thesis (BTech)
Uncontrolled Keywords:CFD, Natural Convection, Microchannel
Subjects:Engineering and Technology > Chemical Engineering > Computational Fluid Dynamics
Divisions: Engineering and Technology > Department of Mechanical Engineering
ID Code:313
Deposited By:Ashish Kumar
Deposited On:13 May 2009 12:48
Last Modified:13 May 2009 12:48
Supervisor(s):Mahapatra, S K

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