Multifingered grasping for robotic manipulation

Kumar, Suman (2012) Multifingered grasping for robotic manipulation. MTech thesis.

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Robotic hand increases the adaptability of grasping and manipulating objects with its system.But this added adaptability of grasping convolute the process of grasping the object. The analysis of the grasp is very much complicated and large number of configuration for
grasping is to be investigated. Handling of objects with irregular shapes and that of flexible/soft objects by ordinary robot grippers is difficult. It is required that various objects with different shapes or sizes could be grasped and manipulated by one robot hand mechanism for the sake of factory automation and labour saving. Dexterous grippers will be the appropriate solution to such problems. Corresponding to such needs, the present work is towards the design and development of an articulated mechanical hand with five fingers and twenty five degrees-of-freedom having an improved grasp capability. In the work, the
distance between the Thumb and Finger and the workspace generated by the hand is calculated so as to know about the size and shape of the object that could be grasped.Further the Force applied by the Fingers and there point of application is also being calculated so as to have a stable force closure grasp. The method introduced in present study reduces the complexity and computational burden of grasp synthesis by examining grasps at the finger level. A detailed study on the force closure grasping capability and quality has been carried out. The workspace of the five fingered hand has been used as the maximum spatial envelope. The problem has been considered with positive grips constructed as non-negative linear combinations of primitive and pure wrenches. The attention has been restricted to systems of wrenches generated by the hand fingers assuming Coulomb friction. In order to validate the algorithm vis-a-vis the designed five fingered dexterous hand, example problems have been solved with multiple sets of contact points on various shaped objects.Since the designed hand is capable of enveloping and grasping an object mechanically, it can be used conveniently and widely in manufacturing automation and for medical rehabilitation purpose. This work presents the kinematic design and the grasping analysis of such a hand.

Item Type:Thesis (MTech)
Uncontrolled Keywords:Multifingered, Force Closure,
Subjects:Engineering and Technology > Mechanical Engineering > Robotics
Divisions: Engineering and Technology > Department of Mechanical Engineering
ID Code:3945
Deposited By:kumar suman
Deposited On:12 Jun 2012 10:03
Last Modified:12 Jun 2012 10:03
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Supervisor(s):Biswal, B B

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