Removal of artifacts from electrocardiogram

Panda, Rashmi (2012) Removal of artifacts from electrocardiogram. MTech thesis.



The electrocardiogram is the recording of the electrical potential of heart versus time. The analysis of ECG signal has great importance in the detection of cardiac abnormalities. The electrocardiographic signals are often contaminated by noise from diverse sources. Noises that commonly disturb the basic electrocardiogram are power line interference, instrumentation noise, external electromagnetic field interference, noise due to random body movements and respirational movements. These noises can be classified according to their frequency content. It is essential to reduce these disturbances in ECG signal to improve accuracy and reliability. Different types of adaptive and non-adaptive digital filters have been proposed to remove these noises. In this thesis, window based FIR filters, adaptive filters and wavelet filter bank are applied to remove the noises. Performances of the filters are compared based on the PSNR values. It is difficult to apply filters with fixed filter coefficients to reduce the instrumentation noise, because the time varying behaviour of this noise is not exactly known. Adaptive filter technique is required to overcome this problem, as the filter coefficients can be varied to track the dynamic variations of the signals. In wavelet transform, a signal is analyzed and expressed as a linear combination of the summation of the product of the wavelet coefficients and mother wavelet. The wavelet decomposition offers an excellent resolution both in time and frequency domain. Better estimation of the amplitudes is also obtained in wavelet based denoising.

Item Type:Thesis (MTech)
Uncontrolled Keywords:ECG denoising, FIR filter, Adaptive filter, Wavelet decomposition, PSNR
Subjects:Engineering and Technology > Electronics and Communication Engineering > Signal Processing
Divisions: Engineering and Technology > Department of Electronics and Communication Engineering
ID Code:4122
Deposited By:Unnamed user with email
Deposited On:12 Jun 2012 15:56
Last Modified:12 Jun 2012 15:56
Supervisor(s):Pati, U C

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