Mohanty, Debidayal and Singh, Sachchidanand (2013) Experimental and Numerical evaluation of mine pillar design. BTech thesis.
Mining is an art of extracting valuable minerals or other geological materials from the earth, usually from an ore body, vein or (coal) seam with minimum unit cost within acceptable social, legal, and regulatory constraints. There are two major methods of underground mining of coal: Bord& Pillar Method and Longwall Method. Pillars are mostly encountered in the former method. Pillar is the structural element and form an integral part of a mine on which the stability of the mine depends. A pillar support is intended to control rock mass displacement right through the zone of influence of mining, while mining activities proceeds. If pillars are made too small increasing the extraction percentage, it would affect the stability of the mine and vice-versa. An economic design of a support system implies that ore committed to pillar support be minimum, while fulfilling the vital requirements of assuring the global stability of the mine structure. This project critically studies the different optimum combination of pillar dimensions that could be effectively incorporated in the mines. Geotechnical factors of a nearby underground coal mine has been determined in the laboratory. Different approaches of pillar design have been compared. Variation of safety factors with width to height ratio of pillar, extraction percentage and depth of cover has been determined and conclusion has been made. The safety and feasibility of mining method is obtained through an optimum correlation between safety factor and extraction percentage. Numerical modeling has been done to evaluate the maximum stress induced over the pillar and gallery and also to calculate the deformation in the pillar and the sagging in gallery due to induced stress. ANSYS.13 3-D software was used in numerical modeling. Different mining parameters were changed to measure the effects on stress behavior, deformation and sagging in gallery.
|Item Type:||Thesis (BTech)|
|Uncontrolled Keywords:||Coal pillar, pillar strength, safety factor, numerical modeling|
|Subjects:||Engineering and Technology > Mining Engineering > Mining Geomechanics|
|Divisions:||Engineering and Technology > Department of Mining Engineering|
|Deposited By:||Hemanta Biswal|
|Deposited On:||16 Nov 2013 15:48|
|Last Modified:||20 Dec 2013 14:46|
|Supervisor(s):||Mishra, M K|
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