Techniques to enhance the lifetime of mobile ad hoc networks

Ray, Niranjan Kumar (2013) Techniques to enhance the lifetime of mobile ad hoc networks. PhD thesis.



Devices in Mobile Ad Hoc Networks (MANETs) are mostly powered by battery. Since the battery capacity is fixed, some techniques to save energy at the device level or at the protocol stack should be applied to enhance the MANETs lifetime. In this thesis, we have proposed a few energy saving approaches at the network layer, and MAC layer.
First, we proposed a routing technique, to which the following metrics are built into: (i) node lifetime, (ii) maximum limit on the number of connections to a destination,
and (iii) variable transmission power. In this technique, we consider a new cost metric which takes into account the residual battery power and energy consumption rate in computing the lifetime of a node. To minimize the overutilization of a node, an upper bound is set on the number of connections that can be established to a destination. The proposed technique is compared with AODV [1] and LER [2]. It outperforms AODV and LER in terms of network lifetime. Next, a technique called Location Based Topology Control with Sleep Scheduling (LBTC) is proposed. It uses the feature of both topology control approach in which the transmission power of a node is reduced, and power management approach in which nodes are put to sleep state. In LBTC the transmission power of a node is determined from the neighborhood location information. A node goes to sleep state only when: (i) it has no traffic to participate, and (ii) its absence does not create
a local partition. LBTC is compared with LFTC [3] and ANTC [4]. We observed that the network lifetime in LBTC is substantially enhanced. A framework for post-disaster communication using wireless ad hoc networks is proposed. This framework includes: (i) a multi-channel MAC protocol, (ii) a node-disjoint multipath routing, and (iii) a distributed topology aware scheme. Multi-channel MAC protocol minimizes the congestion in the network by transmitting data through multiple channels. Multipath routing overcomes the higher energy depletion rate at nodes associated with shortest path routing. Topology aware scheme minimizes the maximum power used at node level. Above proposals, taken together intend to increase the network throughput, reduce the end-to-end delay, and enhance the network lifetime of an ad hoc network deployed for disaster response.

Item Type:Thesis (PhD)
Uncontrolled Keywords:Mobile Ad Hoc Networks (MANETs), AODV, LER, LBTC, ANTC
Subjects:Engineering and Technology > Computer and Information Science > Wireless Local Area Network
Divisions: Engineering and Technology > Department of Computer Science
ID Code:6546
Deposited By:Hemanta Biswal
Deposited On:14 Nov 2014 14:38
Last Modified:16 Dec 2015 18:07
Supervisor(s):Turuk, A K

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