Stabilization of Expansive Soils Using Fly Ash

Mohanty, Manmay Kumar (2015) Stabilization of Expansive Soils Using Fly Ash. MTech thesis.



Nearly 51.8 million hectares of land area in India are covered with Expansive soil (mainly Black Cotton soil). The property of these expansive soils, in general, is that they are very hard when in dry state, but they lose all of their strength when in wet state. In light of this property of expansive soils, these soils pose problems worldwide that serve as challenge to overcome for the Geotechnical engineers. One of the most important aspects for construction purposes is soil stabilization, which is used widely in foundation and road pavement constructions; this is because such a stabilization regime improves engineering properties of the soil, such as volume stability, strength and durability. In this process, removal or replacing of the problematic soil is done; replacement is done by a better quality material, or the soil is treated with an additive. In the present study, using fly ash obtained from Sesa Sterlite, Jharsuguda, Odisha, stabilization of black cotton soil obtained from Nagpur is attempted. With various proportions of this additive i.e. 10%, 20%, 30%, 40% & 50%, expansive soils is stabilized. Owing to the fact that fly ash possess no plastic property, plasticity index (P.I.) of clay-fly ash mixes show a decrease in value with increasing fly ash content. In conclusion, addition of fly ash results in decrease in plasticity of the expansive soil, and increase in workability by changing its grain size and colloidal reaction. Tested under both soaked and un-soaked conditions, the CBR values of clay with fly ash mixes were observed. Analysis of the formerly found result exposes the potential of fly ash as an additive that could be used for improving the engineering properties of expansive soils.

Item Type:Thesis (MTech)
Uncontrolled Keywords:Expansive Soil, Fly Ash, Strength, Swelling, Shrinkage, Stabilization
Subjects:Engineering and Technology > Civil Engineering > Geotechnical Engineering
Divisions: Engineering and Technology > Department of Civil Engineering
ID Code:7107
Deposited By:Mr. Sanat Kumar Behera
Deposited On:06 Mar 2016 14:36
Last Modified:06 Mar 2016 14:36
Supervisor(s):Roy, N

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