Studies on Trajectory Tracking of Two Link Planar Manipulator

Subhash, Sane (2015) Studies on Trajectory Tracking of Two Link Planar Manipulator. MTech thesis.



In robotic manipulator control situations, high accuracy trajectory tracking is one of the challenging aspects. This is due to nonlinearities in dynamics and input coupling present in the robotic arm. In the present work, a two link planar manipulator revolving in a horizontal plane is considered. Its kinematics, Jacobian analysis, dynamic equations are obtained from modelling. It is proposed to use this manipulator for following a desired trajectory by using an effective control method. Initially, computed torque control scheme is used to obtain the end effector motions. The dynamic equations are solved by numerical method and the joint space results are used to obtain the error and its derivative. This linearized error dynamic control uses constant gains and an attempt is made to obtain a correct set of gains in each error cycle to refine the control performance. A scaled prototype is made with aluminium links and joint servos. A mechatronic system with an arduino microcontroller board is employed to drive the servos in incremental fashion as per the tracking point and its inverse kinematics. The computer results are shown for two trajectories namely a straight line and spline. The errors are reported as a function of time and the corresponding joint torques computed in each time step are plotted. Finally to illustrate the mechatronic control system on the prototype, a path containing three points is considered and corresponding errors and repeatability are presented.

Item Type:Thesis (MTech)
Uncontrolled Keywords:Two link manipulator, inverse kinematics, jacobian.
Subjects:Engineering and Technology > Mechanical Engineering > Robotics
Divisions: Engineering and Technology > Department of Mechanical Engineering
ID Code:7128
Deposited By:Mr. Sanat Kumar Behera
Deposited On:03 Mar 2016 11:09
Last Modified:03 Mar 2016 11:09
Supervisor(s):Srinivas, J

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