Automated Brain Abnormality Detection through MR Images

Prasad, Vijendra (2016) Automated Brain Abnormality Detection through MR Images. MTech thesis.



Brain diseases one of the major cause of cancer-related death among children and adults in the world. Brain diseases like brain tumor is characterized as a gathering of abnormal cells that becomes inside the brain and around the brain.There are various imaging techniques which are used for brain tumor detection. Among all imaging technique, MRI (Magnetic Resonance Imaging) is widely used for the brain tumor detection. MRI is safe, fast and non-invasive imaging technique. The early detection of brain diseases is very important, for that CAD (Computer-aided-diagnosis) systems are used. The proposed scheme develops a new CAD system in which pulse-coupled neural network is used for the brain tumor segmentation from MRI images. After segmentation, for feature extraction the Discrete Wavelet Transform and Curvelet Transform are employed separately. Subsequently, both PCA (Principal Component Analysis) and LDA (Linear Discriminant Analysis) have been applied individually for feature reduction. A standard dataset of 101 brain MRI images (14 normal and 87 abnormal) is utilized to validate the proposed scheme. The experimental results show that the suggested scheme achieves better result than the state-of-the-art techniques with a very less number of features.

Item Type:Thesis (MTech)
Uncontrolled Keywords:PCNN; DWT; Curvelet; PCA; LDA
Subjects:Engineering and Technology > Computer and Information Science > Image Processing
Divisions: Engineering and Technology > Department of Computer Science
ID Code:8316
Deposited By:Mr. Sanat Kumar Behera
Deposited On:06 Dec 2016 17:59
Last Modified:06 Dec 2016 17:59
Supervisor(s):Majhi, B

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