Constant False Alarm Rate Target Detection in Synthetic Aperture Radar Imagery

Pradhan, Kumari Rosy (2016) Constant False Alarm Rate Target Detection in Synthetic Aperture Radar Imagery. MTech thesis.

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Abstract

Target detection plays a significant role in many synthetic aperture radar (SAR) applications, ranging from surveillance of military tanks and enemy territories to crop monitoring in agricultural uses. Detection of targets faces two major problems namely, first, how to remotely acquire high resolution images of targets, second, how to efficiently extract information regarding features of clutter-embedded targets. The first problem is addressed by the use of high penetration radar like synthetic aperture radar. The second problem is tackled by efficient algorithms for accurate and fast detection. So far, there are many methods of target detection for SAR imagery available such as CFAR, generalized likelihood ratio test (GLRT) method, multiscale autoregressive method, wavelet transform based method etc. The CFAR method has been extensively used because of its attractive features like simple computation and fast detection of targets. The CFAR algorithm incorporates precise statistical description of background clutter which determines how accurately target detection is achieved. The primary goal of this project is to investigate the statistical distribution of SAR background clutter from homogeneous and heterogeneous ground areas and analyze suitability of statistical distributions mathematically modelled for SAR clutter. The threshold has to be accurately computed based on statistical distribution so as to efficiently distinguish target from SAR clutter. Several distributions such as lognormal, Weibull, K, KK, G0, generalized Gamma (GGD) distributions are considered for clutter amplitude modeling in SAR images. The CFAR detection algorithm based on appropriate background clutter distribution is applied to moving and stationary target acquisition and recognition (MSTAR) images. The experimental results show that, CFAR detector based on GGD outmatches CFAR detectors based on lognormal, Weibull, K, KK, G0 distributions in terms of accuracy and computation time..

Item Type:Thesis (MTech)
Uncontrolled Keywords:Synthetic aperture radar(SAR);Constant false alarm rate(CFAR);Moving and stationary target acquisition and recognition(MSTAR);Generalized Gamma distribution(GGD)
Subjects:Engineering and Technology > Electronics and Communication Engineering > Signal Processing
Divisions: Engineering and Technology > Department of Electronics and Communication Engineering
ID Code:8425
Deposited By:Mr. Sanat Kumar Behera
Deposited On:30 Aug 2017 12:52
Last Modified:30 Aug 2017 12:52
Supervisor(s):Roy, Lakshi Prosad

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