Gelatin Chitosan And Bioactive Nanoceramic Based Composite Scaffold For Orthopaedic Application

Maji, Kanchan (2017) Gelatin Chitosan And Bioactive Nanoceramic Based Composite Scaffold For Orthopaedic Application. PhD thesis.

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Abstract

Gelatin, chitosan and bioactive nanoceramic based composite scaffold with tailored architectures and properties has great potential for bone regeneration. Herein, we aimed to improve the physico chemical, mechanical and osteogenic properties of 3D porous scaffold by incorporation of bioactive ceramic phase into biopolymer matrix with variation in composition in the prepared scaffolds. Scaffolds were prepared from the slurry containing gelatin, chitosan and synthesized bioactive nanoceramic particulate using lyophilisation technique. Bioactive nanocermics such as hydroxyapatite, β-tricalcium phosphate and 58 S bioactive glass were synthesized and used in different concentration varying between 10-30 wt% to prepare GCH, GCB and GCT scaffolds. GCH scaffold having HA:Chi:Gel ratio of 28:42:30 with 78% average porosity showed a pore size distribution between 75–100 μm and exhibited a compressive strength of 3.45 MPa, which is within the range of that exhibited by cancellous bone. With increase in nanocaramic phase content from 10 wt% to 30 wt%, the compressive strength in the scaffold increased. GCH 30 showed the highest average compressive strength of 3.46 MPa whereas the lowest average compressive strength of 2.2 MPa was registered by GCB 30 scaffold. Higher cellular activity was observed in GCB 30 scaffold as compared to GCB 0 scaffold suggesting the fact that 58S bioactive glass nanoparticles addition into the scaffold promoted better cell adhesion, proliferation and differentiation. A Higher degree of lamellopodia and filopodia extensions and better spreading behaviour of MSC’s were observed in FESEM micrographs of MSC cultured GCB 30 scaffold. Scaffolds prepared from 30 wt% 58S nano bioactive glass exhibited the highest bioactivity among all the scaffolds as evident from MTT assay, RUNX-2 and osteocalcin expression from mesenchymal stem cells cultured on the scaffold. Strongly positive osteocalcin signalling within 14 days of cell culture supported the fact that the prepared scaffolds stimulated new bone tissue regeneration. Moreover, by reverse-transcriptase (RT-PCR) analysis, it was observed the expression of osteogenic gene markers from cultured MSCs were relatively high in GCB 30 as compared to GCH 30 and GCT 30 composite scaffolds. In coherence with the in vitro appearance, histological analysis and fluorochrome study in a rabbit tibia model showed a significantly greater amount of new bone formation in GCB30 compared to other composite scaffold. The results demonstrated that the prepared GCB30 scaffold could be a good candidate as a synthetic substitute for bone tissue engineering.

Item Type:Thesis (PhD)
Uncontrolled Keywords:Hydroxyapatite; β-TCP; 58s Bioglass; Chitosan; Gelatin; scaffold; compressive strength; bioactivity; in vitro;,in vivo
Subjects:Engineering and Technology > Ceramic Engnieering > Nanocomposites
Engineering and Technology > Ceramic Engnieering > Ceramic Processing
Divisions: Engineering and Technology > Department of Ceramic Engineering
ID Code:8636
Deposited By:Mr. Sanat Kumar Behera
Deposited On:13 Jun 2017 14:35
Last Modified:13 Jun 2017 14:35
Supervisor(s):Dasgupta, Sudip and Nandi, Samit

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