Improving Bituminous Properties Using a Suitable Fibre

Harlie, Enoch Fallah (2016) Improving Bituminous Properties Using a Suitable Fibre. MTech thesis.

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It is to the general knowledge of paving engineers that asphalt obtains its greatest strength when in compression and its weakest point while in tension (Busching et al. 1970). The addition of fibres with giant tensile strength can aid in enlarging the tensile strength of a mixture. Theorically, stresses can be conveyed to the strong fibres, alleviating the stresses on the relatively feeble asphalt mix. To successfully move stresses, there must be qualified adhesion between the fibre and the asphalt binder; an appreciable surface area on the fibres can assist this adhesion. Additionally, the fibre needs to be invariably distributed in the mixture to keep the stress from concentrating at a point.

Bituminous blends are most normally utilized everywhere throughout the world as a part of adaptable asphalt pavement. They comprise of asphalt or bitumen utilized as a fastener and mineral aggregate which are combined, set down in layers and after that compacted. Under typical circumstances, routine bituminous asphalts if composed and executed appropriately perform acceptably yet the execution of bituminous blends is extremely poor under different circumstances.

Today's asphaltic concrete asphalts are required to perform better as they are encountering expanded volume of activity, expanded loads and expanded varieties in day by day or occasional temperature over what has been knowledgeable about the past. Also, the execution of bituminous asphalts is observed to be exceptionally poor in dampness impelled circumstances. Considering this a great deal of work has been done on the utilization of added substances in bituminous blends and on adjustment of bitumen. Research has demonstrated that the expansion of polymers to asphalt expands the interfacial cohesiveness of the bond between the aggregate and the fastener which can improve numerous properties of the asphalt pavement to meet these expanded requests. Be that as it may, the added substance that is to be utilized for change of the blend or fastener ought to fulfil both the quality prerequisites and additionally monetary viewpoints.

In this work, efforts were exhorted to make use of coconut fibres and saw dusts which have been obtained from the Highway and Concrete Laboratory of NIT, Rourkela and a local carpentry shop to bring about stability in the bituminous mix and improve the volumetric properties of the bituminous concrete. A satisfactory investigation on the impacts of these locally squander materials on building properties of Dense Bituminous macadam (DBM) has been made in this study. Optimum Binder Content (OBC) and Optimum Fibre Content (OFC) have been determined by utilizing Marshall Procedure. The OBCs have been observed to be 5.1% utilizing cement passing 0.075mm IS strainer size as filler while the OFC is was observed to be 0.3%.

Item Type:Thesis (MTech)
Uncontrolled Keywords:Dense bituminous macadam (DBM); fibre; Bituminous concrete (BC); Marshall Properties; Static indirect tensile strength; tensile strength ratio
Subjects:Engineering and Technology > Civil Engineering > Transportation Engineering
Divisions: Engineering and Technology > Department of Civil Engineering
ID Code:9138
Deposited By:Mr. Sanat Kumar Behera
Deposited On:06 May 2018 16:44
Last Modified:06 May 2018 16:44
Supervisor(s):Chattaraj, Ujjal

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