Experimental Study of Pulse Tube Refrigerators

V, Venkatesh and R, Chandru (2007) Experimental Study of Pulse Tube Refrigerators. BTech thesis.



The working fluid for the pulse tube refrigerator is Helium, which is non-toxic to humans and harmless to the environment. The Pulse Tube Refrigeration unit offers a viable alternative to units that currently require CFC and HCFC working fluids. Pulse Tube Refrigerators can be operated over wide range of temperatures. These units can be used in numerous space and commercial applications, including food freezers freeze dryers. It can also be used to cool detectors and electronic devices.
The design of Pulse Tube Refrigeration Unit was based on Orifice Pulse Tube Concept. First the gas is compressed in a compressor. Next it floes through the compressor after cooler, where heat is rejected to the water cooled loop. Then the gas enters the regenerator and cold end heat exchanger where heat is added to the gas from surroundings. The gas finally enters the Pulse Tube, orifice and reservoir. These three components produce the phase shift of mass flow and pressure, which is necessary for cooling. The gas shuttles forth between hot and cold ends. Heat is lifted against the temperature gradient and rejected at hot end heat exchanger, which is water cooled.

Item Type:Thesis (BTech)
Uncontrolled Keywords:Pulse Tube Refegerator, Food Freezers
Subjects:Engineering and Technology > Mechanical Engineering > Cryogenics
Engineering and Technology > Mechanical Engineering > Refrigeration
Divisions: Engineering and Technology > Department of Mechanical Engineering
ID Code:116
Deposited By:Anshul Baranwal
Deposited On:05 May 2009 20:49
Last Modified:28 Jun 2012 11:00
Supervisor(s):Sahoo, R K

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