Vibration and buckling analysis of cracked composite beam

Bisi, Pragyan Saraswati (2011) Vibration and buckling analysis of cracked composite beam. MTech thesis.

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Abstract

Cracks in structural members lead to local changes in their stiffness and consequently their static and dynamic behaviour is altered. The influence of cracks on dynamic characteristics like natural frequencies, modes of vibration of structures has been the subject of many investigations. However studies related to behavior of composite cracked structures subject to in-plane loads are scarce in literature. Present work deals with the vibration and buckling analysis of a cantilever beam made from graphite fiber reinforced polyimide with a transverse one-edge non-propagating open crack using the finite element method. The undamaged parts of the beam are modeled by beam finite elements with three nodes and three degrees of freedom at the node. An „overall additional flexibility matrix‟ is added to the flexibility matrix of the corresponding non-cracked composite beam element to obtain the total flexibility matrix, and therefore the stiffness matrix in line with previous studies. The vibration of cracked composite beam is computed using the present formulation and is compared with the previous results. The effects of various parameters like crack location, crack depth, volume fraction of fibers and fibers orientations upon the changes of the natural frequencies of the beam are studied. It is found that, presence of crack in a beam decreases the natural frequency which is more pronounced when the crack is near the fixed support and the crack depth is more. The natural frequency of the cracked beam is found to be maximum at about 45% of volume fraction of fibres and the frequency for any depth of crack increases with the increase of angle of fibres. The static buckling load of a cracked composite beam is found to be decreasing with the presence of a crack and the decrease is more severe with increase in crack depth for any location of the crack. Furthermore, the buckling load of the beam decreased with increase in angle of the fibres and is maximum at 0 degree orientation.

Item Type:Thesis (MTech)
Uncontrolled Keywords:Non-dimensional Natural Frequency, Non-dimensional Buckling Load, cracked beam with graphite fibre reinforced polyimide composite
Subjects:Engineering and Technology > Civil Engineering > Structural Engineering
Divisions: Engineering and Technology > Department of Civil Engineering
ID Code:2944
Deposited By:Bisi Pragyan
Deposited On:15 Jun 2011 16:26
Last Modified:20 Dec 2013 10:32
Supervisor(s):Mishra, U K and Sahu, S k

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