Inspection and Monitoring of Structural Damage Using Vibration Signatures and Smart Techniques

Sahu, Sasmita (2016) Inspection and Monitoring of Structural Damage Using Vibration Signatures and Smart Techniques. PhD thesis.



The structural damage detection plays an important role in the evaluation of structural systems and to ensure their safety. Structures like large bridges should be continuously monitored for detection of damage. The cracks usually change the physical parameters like stiffness and flexibility which in turn changes the dynamic properties such as natural frequencies and mode shapes. Crack detection of a beam element comprises of two aspects: the first one is the forward problem which is achieved from the Eigen parameters and the second one is the process to locate and quantify the effect of damage and is termed as ‘inverse process of damage detection’. In the present investigation the analytical and numerical methods are known as the forward problem includes determination of natural frequencies from the knowledge of beam geometry and crack dimension. The vibration signals are derived from the forward problem is exploited in the inverse problem. The natural frequency changes occur due to the various reasons such as boundary condition changes, temperature variations etc. Among all the changes boundary condition changes are the most important factors in structural elements. Many major structures like bridges are made up of uniform beams of unknown boundary conditions. So in the present investigation two of the boundary conditions i.e. fixed -free and fixed- fixed are considered. Using the forward solution method, the natural frequencies are determined. In the inverse solution method various Artificial Intelligence (AI) techniques with their hybrid methods are proposed and implemented. Damage detection problems using Artificial Intelligence techniques require a number of training data sets that represent the uncracked and cracked scenarios of practical structural elements. In the second part of the work different AI techniques like Fuzzy Logic, Genetic Algorithm, Clonal Selection Algorithm, Differential Evolution Algorithm and their hybrid methods are designed and developed. In summary this investigation is a step towards to forecast the position of the damage using the Artificial Intelligence techniques and compare their results. Finally, the results from the Artificial Intelligence techniques and their hybridized algorithms are validated by doing experimental analysis.

Item Type:Thesis (PhD)
Uncontrolled Keywords:Beam,Vibration,Crack, Finite Element Analysis, Fuzzy Logic, Artificial Intelligence Techniques
Subjects:Engineering and Technology > Mechanical Engineering > Mechatronics
Engineering and Technology > Mechanical Engineering > Robotics
Engineering and Technology > Mechanical Engineering > Structural Analysis
Divisions: Engineering and Technology > Department of Mechanical Engineering
ID Code:8331
Deposited By:Mr. Sanat Kumar Behera
Deposited On:02 Jan 2017 18:54
Last Modified:02 Jan 2017 18:54
Supervisor(s):Parhi, D R

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