Design of Stable Slope for Opencast Mines

Prakash, Bisleshana Brahma (2009) Design of Stable Slope for Opencast Mines. BTech thesis.



Slope stability analysis forms an integral part of the opencast mining operations during the life cycle of the project. In Indian mining conditions, slope design guidelines were not yet formulated for different types of mining practices and there is a growing need to develop such guidelines for maintaining safety and productivity. Till date, most of the design methods are purely based on field experience, rules of thumb followed by sound engineering judgment. During the last four decades, the concepts of slope stability analysis have emerged within the domain of rock engineering to address the problems of design and stability of excavated slopes. The basic objective of the project is primarily addressed towards: a) Understanding the different types and modes of slope failures b) Designs of stable slopes for opencast mines using numerical models. Analyses were conducted using the finite difference code FLAC/Slope. The work was aimed at investigating failure mechanisms in more detail, at the same time developing the modeling technique for pit slopes. The results showed that it was possible to simulate several failure mechanisms, in particular circular shear and toppling failure, using numerical modeling. The modeling results enabled description of the different phases of slope failures (initiation and propagation). Failures initiated in some form at the toe of the slope, but the process leading up to total collapse was complex, involving successive redistribution of stress and accumulation of strain. Significant displacements resulted before the failure had been developed fully. Based on parametric studies it can be concluded that friction angle plays a major role on slope stability in comparison to Cohesion.
Keywords: Slope stability, open pit mining, numerical modeling, rock mass strength, failure mechanisms.

Item Type:Thesis (BTech)
Uncontrolled Keywords:Slope stability, open pit mining, numerical modeling, rock mass strength, failure mechanisms.
Subjects:Engineering and Technology > Mining Engineering > Mining Geomechanics
Engineering and Technology > Mining Engineering > Open Cast Mining
Divisions: Engineering and Technology > Department of Mining Engineering
ID Code:1333
Deposited By:Prakash Bisleshana Brahma
Deposited On:18 May 2009 12:50
Last Modified:16 Jun 2009 14:21
Supervisor(s):Tripathy, D P and Jayanthu, S

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